Aplikasi kaedah fuzzy delphi dalam pembangunan kerangka penilaian kecergasan fizikal berasaskan kesihatan kanak-kanak prasekolah

Application of fuzzy delphi methods in the development of health-related physical fitness assessment framework in Malaysian preschool children

  • Jamilah Mohd Basir Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Azizah Zain Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Siti Hartini Azmi Jabatan Sains Kejurulatihan, Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: kaedah fuzzy delphi, kerangka, penilaian kecergasan fizikal, prasekolah, fuzzy delphi method, framework, physical fitness assessment, preschool

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan mendapatkan kesepakatan pakar tentang komponen dan ujian bagi reka bentuk dan pembangunan kerangka penilaian kecergasan fizikal berasaskan kesihatan kanak-kanak prasekolah Malaysia. Pembangunan kerangka penilaian ini menggunakan kaedah Fuzzy Delphi. Borang soal selidik diedarkan kepada sejumlah 17 orang sampel yang terlibat sebagai pakar bidang dalam proses reka bentuk dan pembangunan. Borang soal selidik komponen kecergasan mengandungi enam bahagian, iaitu: (1) maklumat demografi; (2) komponen komposisi badan; (3) komponen daya tahan kardiovaskular; (4) komponen daya tahan otot tangan; (5) komponen kekuatan otot kaki; dan (6) komponen fleksibiliti. Manakala, soal selidik ujian kecergasan pula mempunyai lapan bahagian, iaitu; (1) maklumat demografi; (2) indeks jisim badan; (3) ukuran peratus lemak badan; (4) larian ulang alik 20 meter; (5) larian 1200 meter; (6) genggaman tangan; (7) lompat jauh berdiri; dan (8) jangkauan melunjur. Analisis kaedah Fuzzy Delphi menunjukkan komponen komposisi badan, daya tahan kardiovaskular, daya tahan otot tangan, kekuatan otot kaki, dan fleksibiliti diterima sebagai komponen kerangka penilaian. Ujian-ujian yang diterima bagi setiap komponen ialah indeks jisim badan, larian ulang-alik, genggaman tangan, larian lompat berdiri, dan jangkauan melunjur. Hal ini disebabkan oleh komponen dan ujian telah memenuhi syarat triangular fuzzy number iaitu nilai threshold (d) ≤ 0.2 dan peratus kesepakatan pakar ≥ 75%. Kajian ini telah menghasilkan komponen dan ujian  dalam kerangka penilaian kecergasan fizikal berasaskan kesihatan kanak-kanak prasekolah Malaysia yang diharapkan dapat digunakan oleh pelbagai pihak berkepentingan terutamanya Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) dalam meningkatkan kecergasan fizikal kanak-kanak prasekolah.

This study aims to obtain expert agreement on the components and tests for the design and development of health-related physical fitness assessment framework in Malaysian preschool children. The development of this evaluation framework uses a Fuzzy Delphi method. Questionnaires were distributed to a total of 17 samples who were involved as field experts in the design and development process. The fitness component questionnaire consists of six section, namely; (1) demographic information; (2) body composition components; (3) cardiovascular endurance components; (4) hand muscle endurance components; (5) leg muscle strength components; and (6) flexibility components. Meanwhile, the fitness test questionnaire also has eight sections, namely; (1) demographic information; (2) body mass index; (3) body fat percentage measurement; (4) 20 meter shuttle run; (5) 1200 meter run; (6) hand grip; (7) standing long jump; and (8) sit-and-reach test. Data was analysed using the Fuzzy Delphi analysis template, showed that body composition components, cardiovascular endurance components, hand muscle endurance components, leg muscle strength components, and flexibility components were accepted as components of the assessment framework. Body mass index, shuttle run, hand grip, standing long jump, and sit-and-reach tests were accepted for each component, respectively. This is because the components and tests have met the requirements of the triangular fuzzy number, namely, the threshold value (d) ≤ 0.2 and the percentage of expert agreement ≥ 75%. This study has produced a health-related physical fitness assessment framework in Malaysian preschool children that can be used by various stakeholders, especially the Ministry of Education Malaysia (MOE) in improving the physical fitness of preschool children.

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Published
2021-05-06
How to Cite
Mohd Basir, J., Zain, A., & Azmi, S. H. (2021). Aplikasi kaedah fuzzy delphi dalam pembangunan kerangka penilaian kecergasan fizikal berasaskan kesihatan kanak-kanak prasekolah. Southeast Asia Early Childhood Journal, 10, 77-88. https://doi.org/10.37134/saecj.vol10.sp.7.2021