جهود علماء التفسير في حركة النقد الأدبي واللغوي في القرن الثالث الهجري
Efforts of scholars of interpretation in the movement of literary and linguistic criticism in the third century AH
The observer of the critical movement in the second century of Hijra notices that until the end of the second century AH, that criticism remained an innate criticism based on taste and emotion with literary influence. This critical effort combined grammar and rhetorical appreciation that was associated with looking at the Qur’anic text, and the evidence needed for that from the words and poems of the Arabs. In addition to that, criticism remained a marginal work for those critics, most of whom were linguists who were preoccupied with narrating poetry and purifying it from the parable, and strange explanations. This study chose a great scholar who Belongs to the Kufic school. This scientist is Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Yahya, nicknamed (the Kufic Fox), one of the linguists and grammar figures in the third century AH. The study deals with the critical efforts of this scholar in the field of literary and linguistic criticism. The al-Kufi fox realized the importance of linguistic and literary criticism and its close relationship with the integrity and understanding of poetry. Therefore, he paid special attention to it and occupied a large portion of his books, including (Majlis al-Thawq, the explanation of the eloquent, the rules of poetry, the explanation of the divan of al-Khansa, and the explanation of Diwan Asha).
The songs, Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani (t. 356 Ah), T: Ali Al-Sibai, Abdul Karim al-Azbawi, and Mahmoud Ghoneim, under the supervision of Mohammed Abu Fadl Ibrahim, Egyptian General Book Authority, 1973.
Fox's efforts in demonstrating the impact of movements in different meanings, Shadia Bayoumi Hamed, Faculty of Languages, University of Malaysia.
Diwan al-Ashi, Explained By Abi Abbas Fox, Dar Sader.
Diwan al-Khansaaa, Explaining The Fox of Abu Abbas, The Investigation of Dr. Anwar Abu Sweilm, Moata University, Dar Ammar.
The Story of Aesthetics, Mourad Wahba, New Culture House, Cairo First Edition, 1996.
The Councils of Fox, Lababi Al-Abbas Ahmed Bin Yahya Al-Fox, Investigation: Abdessalam Mohamed Haroun, Dar al-Ma'a'am, Egypt.
Al-Azhar in the sciences of language and its types, Abdul Rahman Jalalal din al-Suyuti, (t 911 E), T: Mohammed Ahmed Jad al-Mawla, Mohammed Abu Fadl Ibrahim, Ali Mohammed Al-Bejawi, Cairo, T3, D. T., i don't know
The measure of eloquence in the 5th century AH, Dr. Mahmoud Abdullah Al-Jafal University of Jordan One of the secrets of the language, Ibrahim Anis, Anglo-Egyptian Library, Cairo, 7th edition, 1985.
The Platform of The Phlegm and Siraj al-Adab, Carthaginian (Abu al-Hasan Hazem Al-Carthagini, 684 H), Investigation: Mohamed Habib Ibn Al-Khawaja, Oriental Book House, Tunisia, 1966.
Al-Mushah, Abu Abdullah al-Marzipani (t. 384 Ah), T:Ali Mohammed Al-Bejawi, House of Renaissance Egypt, 1965.
Linguistic criticism among Arabs until the end of the 7th century AH, D. Nema Rahim al-Azzawi, Freedom House, Baghdad, 1978.