خُطب عائشة رضي الله عنها دراسة موضوعية

Sermons of Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, as an objective and analytical study

  • Salam Khaleefa Hamad Van Yuzuncu Yil University, TURKEY
Keywords: Aisha, her speeches, research, her birth, objectivity

Abstract

In our research, we discuss the sermons of Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, as an objective and analytical study. Because she is Umm Al Moumineen, the faithful wife of the Messenger of Allah, one of the most narrators of the Prophet’s Hadith and the most memorable of it, and she had a great role in spreading Islam and the Hadiths of the Messenger of Allah even after the death of prophet, through her various rhetoric in defense of Islam and the rightly caliphs, and upon his father’s death she stood on his grave and said “May God beautify your face, and thank you for the good of your endeavor, for you were humiliated in this world by your turning away from it, and you were comforted in the Hereafter by your turning toward it.”

And in the strife that occurred among the Muslims, Aisha defended Uthman, and she said: “People used to gossip about Uthman, May Allah be pleased with him, and visit his workers, and they would come to us in Medina, and they would consult us about what they told us about them, so we looked into that and we found him innocent, pious and loyal, and we found them to be deceitful and treacherous lies.

And on the day of the camel’s fitnah, She had a great role as she delivered a great sermon, in which she praised the Messenger of Allah and his pure family, and she said: 

“O people: Shut up! I have over you the right of motherhood, and the sanctity of admonition, only one who disobeys his Lord will accuse me. And the sanctity of the sermon, Only he who disobeys his Lord accuses me. The prophet died inside my arms, I am one of his women in heaven, for him my Allah has saved me, and rid me of all commodity, And me distinguish hypocrite from your believer.

نتناول في دراستنا "خطب عائشة رضي الله عنها دراسة موضوعية وتحليلية" فقد كانت رضي الله عنها، لها الفضل الكبير في نقل وصيانة هذا الدين ونشر الإسلام وعلومه؛ لأنّها أم المؤمنين الصديقة زوجة رسول e من أكثر الصحابة رواية للحديث النبوي وأشدهم حفظا لها، وقد دافعت عن الإسلام والخلفاء الراشدين من خلال خطبها البليغة والقوية، وعند وفاة والدها وقفت على قبره فقالت: "نضّر الله وجهك، وشكر لك صالح سعيك، فقد كنت للدنيا مذلّا بإدبارك عنها، وكنت للآخرة معزّا بإقبالك عليها".

وفي الفتنة الواقعة بين المسلمين دافعت عائشة رضي الله عنها عن عثمان t، فقالت: "كان الناس يتجنون على عثمان رضي الله عنه، ويزرون على عماله، ويأتوننا بالمدينة، فيستشيروننا فيما يخبروننا عنهم، فننظر في ذلك فنجده بريًّا، تقيًّا وفيًّا، ونجدهم فجرة غدرة كذبة.

وفي يوم فتنة الجمل كانت لها دور عظيم في وأدها حيث خطبت خُطبة عظيمة، أثنى فيها على رسول الله e وعلى آل بيته الأطهار فقالت: "أيها الناس: صه صه، إن لي عليكم حق الأمومة، وحرمة الموعظة، لا يتهمني إلا من عصى ربه، مات رسول الله e بين سحري ونحري، فأنا إحدى نسائه في الجنة، له ادخرني ربي، وخلصني من كل بضاعة، وبي ميز منافقكم من مؤمنكم. 

الكلمات المفتاحية: عائشة، خطبها، دراسة، ولادتها، موضوعية

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Published
2022-06-28
How to Cite
Hamad, S. K. (2022). خُطب عائشة رضي الله عنها دراسة موضوعية. SIBAWAYH Arabic Language and Education, 3(1), 99-114. https://doi.org/10.37134/sibawayh.vol3.1.7.2022