Author Guideline

Author Guideline


Format of Manusript:

The manuscript should be typed using Word format. It should adhere to the APA style. It should be typed double-spaced, using font 12 of Times New Roman with a margin of 2.5 cm on all sides. The page number should appear in centre position at the bottom of the page.

The title should be typed bold, using font 12 of Times New Roman. Each word should start with a capital letter.

Title of paper, name(s) of author(s) and a complete address for mailing should be typed on a separate page.

The main text should begin after the title, abstract, and keywords. The alignment of the text should be justified. Each paragraph should be indented by five spaces

Footnotes should be avoided. 

Tables and figures should be inserted in the right places in the text.


Submission should be sent as an email attachment (Microsoft Word) to If this is not possible, please submit two hard copies and a copy in CD. Each submission is first assessed by the board of editors before being sent to the international advisors.

All authors will receive an acknowledgement upon receipt of paper to confirm its safe arrival.

The manuscript must be written in English. It must be original and should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The length should be between 4,500 to 7,000 words (including references, appendices, tables, diagrams, and figures)

An abstract of 250 words is required. Include five keywords a line below the abstract.

The copyright of the paper belongs to the author until the paper is accepted by the editorial board of the journal. It should not be reproduced elsewhere without the written permission of the Chief Editor. After the acceptance is communicated, UPSI owns the copyright.

The responsibility for obtaining permission from copyright holders to reproduce any table, diagrams, figures or pictures rests with the authors. 

Lead authors will each receive a copy of the journal free of charge.