Sprouting employability skills in building technology students’ using cooperative learning approaches in Nigerian Polytechnics


  • Jane Itohan Oviawe Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, NIGERIA
  • Agnes Omokhekpe Anetekhai Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, NIGERIA




Employability Skills, Building Technology, Cooperative Learning Approaches, Polytechnics


This study investigated the areas of cooperative learning approaches for sprouting employability in polytechnic building technology students’ in Nigeria for the expertise of practice upon graduating from school using descriptive survey research design. Two research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. The population for the study consisted of 99 building technology lecturers that offer building technology programmes in Federal, State and Private Polytechnics in South-East and South-South Nigeria. Since the population was not too large, there was no sampling. The instrument used for data collection was a 36-item questionnaire derived from the literature reviewed. Five experts validated the instrument. Cronbach alpha reliability method was used to determine the reliability of the instrument and a reliability coefficient of 0.87 was obtained. The research questions were answered using Mean statistic, while the null hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and z-test at .05 level of significance. The findings revealed among others that lecturers utilize all the aspects of cooperative learning approaches; and that all the employability skills required by building technology students/graduates can be developed using cooperative learning approaches. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended among others that assessment of building technology students should be all-encompassing to include the development and mastery of employability skills for functionality in the ever dynamic and global workplace.


Download data is not yet available.


Ajuluchukwu, E.N. (2012). Assessment of minimum academic standards adopted by universities in South-East and South-South for undergraduate business education programmes. Unpublished M.Sc thesis, Department of Vocational Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.

Alashwal, A. M. & Abdul-Rahman, H. (2014). Aspects of project learning in construction: A socio-technical model. Construction innovation: Information, Process, Management, 14(2), 229-244.

Burke, A. (2011). Group work: How to use groups effectively. The journal of effective teaching, 11(2), 87-95.

California Community Colleges (n.d). Basic skills as a foundation for student success in California Community Colleges – Part 1: Review of literature and effective practices. Retrieved on 4th May, 2018 from: www.cccbsi.org/websites/basicskills/

Chamizo, J.A. (2013). A new definition of model and modelling in Chemistry teaching. Science and Education, 22(7), 1613-1632. Doi: 10.1007/S11191-011-09407-07

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014). National policy on education. Lagos: NERDC.

Great School Partners (2016). 21st century skills. Retrieved on 2nd May, 2018 from: http://adglossary.org/21st-century-skills/

International Society for Technology in Education (2007). National education standards for students. Washington, DC: ISTE. Retrieved on 2nd May, 2018 from: www.iste.org/standards/nets-for-students.aspx.

Kaufman, K.J. (2014). Ways to 21st century skills: Why students need them and ideas for practical implementation. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 49(2), 78-83.

Lai, E.R. (2011). Collaboration: A literature review. Research report, Pearson’s publications in pdf format. Retrieved on 2nd May, 2018 from: http://research.www.pearsonassessments.com/

Larson, L., Miller, T. & Ribble, M. (2010). 5 considerations for digital age learners. Learning and leading with technology, 37(4), 12-15.

Lewin, A.Y., Peters, C. & Massini, S. (2011). Micro foundations of internal and external absorptive capacity routines. Organization Science, 22(1), 81-98.

Manley, K. & Chen, L.E. (2015). Collaborative learning model of infrastructure construction: A capacity perspective. Construction innovation, 15(3), 355-377.

Markova, D. & McArthur, A. (2016). Collaborative intelligence: Thinking with people who think differently. Park City: Professional Thinking Partners. Retrieved on 2nd May, 2018 from: www.cqthebook.com/thebook.

National Bureau of Statistics (2018). Labour force statistics volume I: Unemployment and underemployment report. Retrieved on 20th April, 2020 from https://www.proshareng.com/admin/upload/reports/12246Q32018unemploymentbyState-proshare.pdf

National Board for Technical Education (2007). Curriculum for Building Technology. Kaduna: NBTE Press.

National Board for Technical Education (2008). Revised curriculum for technical colleges and polytechnics. Kaduna: NBTE Press.

Oviawe, J.I., Ezeji, S.C.O.A., & Uwameiye, R. (2016). Effects of cooperative learning on building technology students’ acquisition of workplace skills. Indian Journal of Vocational Education 20 & 21 (1), 77-88. Published by PSS Central Institute of Vocational Education (PSSCIVE), NCERT, Bhopal.

Oviawe, J.I. & Uwameiye, R. (2020). Approaches for Developing Generic Skills in Building Technology Graduates for Global Competitiveness. Journal of vocational education studies, 11(1), In press.

Ngige, C. (2019). Nigeria’s unemployment rate hits 33.5% by 2020. Premium Times, May 2. Retrieved from https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/328137-nigerias-unemployment-rate-hits-33-5-per-cent-by-2020-minister.html

Rotherham, A.J. & Willingham, D.T. (2010). 21st century skills: Not new but a worthy challenge. American Educators, Spring.

Schleicher, A. (2012). Preparing teachers and developing school leaders for the 21st century:Lessons from around the world. Paris, France: OECD




How to Cite

Oviawe, J. I., & Anetekhai, A. O. (2020). Sprouting employability skills in building technology students’ using cooperative learning approaches in Nigerian Polytechnics. Asian Journal of Assessment in Teaching and Learning, 10(1), 59–68. https://doi.org/10.37134/ajatel.vol10.1.7.2020