The Psychosocial Determinants Relationship with Burnout among Nurses in Pahang, Malaysia


  • Nurizyanul Jannah Shahrum Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Asma Perveen Faculty of Human Development, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA



Nurses, burnout, nursing stress, perceived social support


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychosocial determinant such as demographic factors, nursing stress, and perceived social support with burnout status among nurses in Pahang. This is a quantitative study using a convenience sampling of nurses (N=404) from all sectors of hospitals and clinics in Pahang, Malaysia. Participated nurses administered demographic information questionnaire and three other different instruments which are Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Nursing Stress Scale (NSS), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Result of the study showed that burnout is significantly related to age (r = -0.25, n = 404, p < .01, two-tailed), year of experience (r = -0.25, n = 404, p < .01, two-tailed), nursing stress (r = 0.63, n = 404, p < .01, two-tailed) and perceived social support (r = -0.39, n = 404, p < .01, two-tailed). This study is important as newly added Malaysian local-based information on the topic of burnout, nursing stress, and perceived social support. The result of the study can also be used to create awareness related to burn-out among nurses and the importance of social support. The implication can be effective from the perceptive of mental health care services for nurses in a medical setting.


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How to Cite

Shahrum, N. J., & Perveen, A. (2021). The Psychosocial Determinants Relationship with Burnout among Nurses in Pahang, Malaysia. Evaluation Studies in Social Sciences, 2(1), 9–16.