Author Guidelines


The journal publishes the following types of manuscripts:

Full Research Articles 

Full research articles provide significant new findings and conclusions obtained from scientific investigations and processes that fall within the scope of the journal.

Review Articles 

The review articles describe the current state of the knowledge and provide suggestions for potential future research direction in the field. 

Case Reports/Study

A case study is a research approach that is used to generate an in-depth, multi-faceted understanding of a complex issue in its real-life context. They summarize a unique case describing a great diagnostic and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with high significance or implications are given priority. 


These instructions are written in a form that satisfies all the formatting requirements for the author's manuscript. Authors must take special care to follow these instructions:

  • Manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.
  • The margins are as follows: Top, Left and Right: 3.1 cm, Bottom: 3.5 cm
  • All paragraphs should be formatted uniformly with Times New Roman font, size 10, and spacing set to 1.15.
  • Text alignment should be justified across all the paragraphs.
  • All pages must be numbered sequentially, facilitating the reviewing and editing of the manuscript. 
  • The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct and active style.

Manuscripts should include:

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements (if related)
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Author Contribution Statement
  • Data Availability Statement
  • References
  • Appendices
  • Figures/illustrations and tables included in the text
  • Supportive/Supplementary Material



The title should be formatted with each word capitalised (title case). The title must be concise and informative. In information retrieval systems, titles are often used as search terms. If possible, avoid using abbreviations and formulas in the title.

Author Names and Affiliations

Before submitting the manuscript, please clearly indicate each author's given name(s) and family name(s) and double-check that all names are correctly spelt. Include the affiliation addresses of the authors underneath the list of names. All affiliations should be indicated with a Roman number as a superscript letter directly after the author's name and in front of the address. Please provide the complete affiliation (with the country name) and the email address of each author.

Corresponding Author

The corresponding author (s) should be designated, and their complete affiliation and email address must be clearly stated to receive correspondence at all stages of the reviewing and publishing processes and after the paper has been published. As part of this duty, he/she will be responsible for responding to any future inquiries about Methodology. The corresponding author must provide an email address and maintain the contact details up to date. Email address must be provided with an asterisk “*” after the author's name.


It is important to write a concise and informative abstract. The aim of the study, the brief methodology, the main findings, and the major conclusions should all be included in the abstract. For an abstract to be effective, it must be stand-alone and self-explanatory. References, tables, and figures should not be cited in the abstract. Additionally, non-standard or unusual abbreviations should be avoided; nevertheless, if they are necessary, they must be explained at the time of their first mention in the abstract text.


The keywords should be included right after the abstract, in lowercase except name, and not more than five keywords. Use abbreviations carefully; only abbreviations that are well-established in the field could be acceptable. These keywords will be used for indexing.


This should provide an adequate background and general context for the work, explaining its significance, and indicating why it should be of interest to researchers. Avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. State the objectives of the study at the end of this section.


It is recommended that the authors provide adequate information to enable the work to be replicated. Methods that have previously been published should be referenced, and only relevant modifications should be mentioned.


It is appropriate to combine the Results and Discussion sections into a single section. Clear and concise results are required. The significance of the work's findings should be discussed in detail throughout the discussion section. Extensive citations and discussion of already published material should be avoided.


A brief paragraph summarizing all the significant accomplishments achieved is included.

For heading, use Times New Roman size 10 bold with uppercase. All headings should reflect the relative information of the section. Use the pre-setting heading style in the template for the whole paragraph.
First Subtitle
For the first subtitle, capitalise each word in Times New Roman size 10 bold.
Second Subtitle
For the second subtitle, capitalise each word in Times New Roman size 10 bold and italic.
1. Numbering
For any bullet points or numbering, use Times New Roman size 10 italic.


The author (s) should define all abbreviations used when the first time appeared in the text. A list of abbreviations may also be included at the end.


It is strongly recommended that the author (s) should use the International System of Units (SI) units. If other quantities are referenced, please provide their SI equivalents.


This section should describe sources of funding that have supported the work. Please also describe the role of the study sponsor(s) (if any) in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data writing of the paper and the decision to submit it for publication. Recognition of personal assistance should be given as a separate paragraph: people who contributed to the work, but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed along with their contributions. You must ensure that anyone named in the acknowledgements agrees to be so named.  

Formatting of funding sources

List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to the funder's requirements:


This work was supported by the name of funding sources including the type of grant and reference number [grant numbers xxx]. Detailed descriptions of the programme or grants and awards are not required.

The following statement should be included if there is no funding available for the research:

This study was not supported by any grants from funding bodies in the public, private, or not-for-profit sectors.


It should disclose any financial or non-financial interests such as political, personal, or professional relationships that may be interpreted as having influenced the manuscript. The phrase "The authors declare no conflicts of interest" should be included if there is no conflict of interest. 


All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript, approved its claims, and agreed to be an author. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution. Provide at minimum one contribution for each author in the manuscript and use the CRediT taxonomy to describe each contribution. The following is a sample CRediT author statement: Bahbibi Rahmatullah: Conceptualization, Original draft preparation. Maizatul Hayati: Data curation, Writing- Original draft preparation. Aslina Saad: Visualization, Investigation. Noor Hidayah Che Lah.: Supervision. Marzita Mansor: Reviewing, Editing. Okta Nurika: Writing- Reviewing and Editing.


The data availability statement is a valuable link between a paper’s results and the supporting evidence. JICTIE data policy is based on transparency, descriptions of what data are available and/or information on how to access data that is not publicly available. Please choose one of the applicable statements below.

1. Data available within the article or its supplementary materials.
2. Data available on request from the authors.
3. Data is openly available in a public repository, with a permanent identifier (such as a DOI).
4. Data embargoed due to commercial restrictions.
5. Data available on request due to privacy/ethical restrictions.
6. Data generated at a central, large-scale facility, available upon request.
7. Data subject to third-party restrictions.


References should be formatted according to the guidelines of the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th Edition. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the article number or pagination must be present. The use of DOI is highly encouraged. Relevant and up-to-date references must be included in the text. Reference citations should not be included in the title, headers, or abstract of the paper.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be labelled with the letters A, B, etc. There should be a different numbering system for formulae and equations in the appendices. For example, the equations for Appendix A are expressed as Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), and so on; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


Figures should be self-explanatory and contain a short but adequately detailed caption. All figures must be numbered sequentially in the text in the same order in which they appear (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2).  Figure 1(a) and Figure 1(b) are examples of multi-part figures in which each component should be labelled. The figure(s) caption should be written in sentence cases and placed underneath the image, centre aligned, with no period at the end of the caption.


Tables should be self-explanatory and include a concise yet sufficiently descriptive caption. Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and referred to in the text by number. Tables must be submitted as editable text and not as images. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations but should not include detailed descriptions of the experiment.


It should contain relevant and complementary data to those presented in the manuscript. Supplemental material always remains associated with its article and is not subjected to any modifications after publication. These files may be submitted in various formats but should be publication-ready, as these files are published exactly as supplied. Material that has been published previously is not acceptable for posting as supplemental material. Their format can be tables, graphs, spectra, films and so on. All supporting information should be referred to in the manuscript, with titles (and, if desired, legends) for all files listed under the heading ‘Supporting Information’.


For any illustrations, tables, or figures already published elsewhere, authors are responsible for getting permission from the copyright holders. The publisher of the journal or book in which the Figure or Table first appeared is most often the copyright owner. In this case, a letter from the author(s)/publisher should be included to confirm that permission to reproduce the image has been given.


All papers are subjected to a preliminary evaluation by an Editor, who may reject an article before it has been submitted for peer review if it falls outside the journal's scope or is of inadequate quality. Following this first screening, manuscripts that seem to be appropriate are submitted to double-blind peer review by a minimum of two independent reviewers/experts. 


The manuscript should be written in the English language clearly and understandably. The manuscript should be proofread for proper spelling and grammar use. The editor shall promptly return any manuscripts that are not complete or are not in good condition.


A well-established component of the editorial process is plagiarism screening. Turnitin software will be used to verify all submitted manuscripts for plagiarism check.


Citation manipulation refers to the excessive citation of an author's study (i.e., self-citation by authors) for the sole purpose of boosting the number of citations of the author's work (COPE, 2019). JICTIE encourages authors to restrict self-citation to a minimum to control citation manipulation. 


The publication of an article in this journal is completely free of charge.


There are no restrictions on the length of manuscripts, but only concisely written articles are published. Brief articles are evaluated based on their technical merit.


  • Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked."
  • References are in the correct format for this journal.
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • Permission has been obtained for the use of copyrighted material from other sources.