Terapi bermain menurut pendekatan Islam

Play therapy in Islamic approaches

  • Nor Hamizah Razak Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, MALAYSIA
  • Siti Nubailah Mohd Yusof Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, MALAYSIA
  • Nurhafizah Mohd Sukor Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, MALAYSIA
Keywords: terapi bermain, pendekatan Islam, kaunseling, kanak-kanak, play therapy, Islamic approaches, counseling, children

Abstract

Agama Islam adalah agama yang syumul yang sesuai bagi setiap lapisan masyarakat bagi sepanjang zaman. Agama Islam juga menitik beratkan kesejahteraan semua lapisan masyarakat termasuklah kanak-kanak. Dalam aspek pembangunan manusia pula, terdapat panduan-panduan yang telah ditetapkan bertepatan dengan tahap perkembangan masing-masing. Begitu juga bagi kanak-kanak, agama Islam memberi penekanan yang jitu terhadap tahap perkembangan kanak-kanak dengan meraikan fitrah semula jadi mereka yang suka bermain. Oleh itu, kajian ini adalah bertujuan untuk mengkaji pandangan perspektif Islam terhadap pendekatan terapi bermain yang umumnya dipelopori oleh barat. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kajian kualitatif menerusi kajian   perpustakaan untuk mencari maklumat primer yang berkaitan dengan pendekatan terapi bermain menurut pandangan Islam.  Maklumat-maklumat yang diperoleh adalah daripada pelbagai sumber seperti buku, jurnal, hadis dan Al-Quran serta artikel. Maklumat ini dikumpulkan dan disaring serta dianalisis menggunakan teknik analisis kandungan. Analisis yang telah dijalankan menjelaskan pendekatan terapi bermain yang diperkenalkan oleh barat sebenarnya telah menjadi amalan gaya asuhan yang diajarkan oleh agama Islam dan juga telah dipraktiskan oleh Rasulullah SAW. Antara pendekatan terapi bermain yang diketengahkan dalam kajian ini adalah pendekatan menggunakan modaliti pergerakan, modaliti muzik dan modaliti boneka. Justeru, dengan aplikasi pendekatan terapi bermain dan diintegrasikan dengan elemen agama dapat membantu perkembangan kanak-kanak secara holistik merangkumi sosial, emosi, fizikal dan juga spiritual.

(Islam is a comprehensive religion that is suitable for every layer of society for all time. Islam also emphasizes the well-being of all levels of society, including children. In the aspect of human development, there are guidelines that have been set to coincide with the level of development of each. Similarly, for children, Islam places great emphasis on the level of development of children by celebrating their fitrah which is love to play. Therefore, this study aims to examine the views according to the Islamic perspective on the play therapy approach that is generally pioneered by the west. This study uses a qualitative research method through library research to find primary information related to the approach of play therapy according to Islamic views. The information obtained is from various sources such as books, journals, hadith, Al- Qur'an and articles. This information is collected, screened and analysed using content analysis techniques. The analysis that has been conducted explains that the play therapy approach introduced by the west has actually being taught earlier in Islam and also been practiced by the Prophet SAW. Among the play therapy approaches highlighted in this study are approaches using movement modality, music modality and puppet modality. Thus, with the application of play therapy approach and integrated with religious elements can help the development of children holistically including social, emotional, physical and spiritual.)

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Published
2021-06-15
How to Cite
Razak, N. H., Mohd Yusof, S. N., & Mohd Sukor, N. (2021). Terapi bermain menurut pendekatan Islam. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 10(2), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol10.2.6.2021