CALCULATOR TO ESTIMATE MOTOR SKILL INTERVENTION TIME (CEMSIT) AMONG PERSONS WITH ALBINISM IN MALAYSIA (1 - 5)
The development of fine motor skills of a person either children or adults depends on the development of the brain, body balance and body coordination. At the same time, fine motor skills also rely on visual acuity, which affects the persons with albinism (PWA). Their visual acuity is slightly better than the blind person, but much worse than the normal pigmented individuals. The match - board is one of the instruments invented to analyze fine motor skill. The ability was determined according to grade and scales developed by Masahide Kato (1970). This tester is employed in testing the muscle coordination of the arm specially the ability to hold the arm. Match board test requires a subject to pick pins and insert them in holes within a specified period of time. It is 250 cm x 250 cm x 15 cm in dimension; which is bulky, made of wood and steel, and heavy to carry from place to place. A previous study has identified the dexterity efficiency grade for fine motor skill among persons with albinism is low and personalized. Generally, an additional time to the proportion of 7 minutes per hour for an adult and additional of another 10 minutes for children are adequate for task with least utilization of speed and visual properties. A personalized intervention mechanism is proposed to overcome the inefficiency of motor skills among them. Subsequently, a calculator prototype to estimate motor skill intervention time (CEMSIT) was invented for PWA and the usage may be extended to other low visual individuals. CEMSIT can be paired with calculator to estimate reading time (CERT) to intervene both reading and motor skill disabilities.