UTAUT2 Primary School Programming Instructional Questionnaire Adaptation to Malay Language: A Face and Content Validation Procedure


  • Masyithoh Md Zuber School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Mohd. Asyraf Mansor School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia




UTAUT2, Content Validity, Content Validity Ratio (CVR), programming, Mathematics education


This research adopted the extended version of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) to assess the level of acceptance of programming in the classroom by primary school mathematics teachers in Malaysia. It aims to translate the English questionnaire based on UTAUT2 into Malay. This process consists of three major components: preliminary consideration, translation, and validation. The translation procedure consists of seven stages, and its validation is determined by the content validity ratio (CVR). Six experts were involved in the translation procedure, while eight experts were involved in the content validity evaluation. The results indicate that three of the thirty submitted items must be rejected: items 8 (demography), 27 (hedonic motivation), and 30 (behavioural intention). As a result, the UTAUT2 questionnaires have been translated into Malay, assessed for contextual and sentence stuctures congruence between the original version and the translation, and adapted based on the research conducted in the appropriate context.


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How to Cite

Md Zuber, M., & Mansor, M. A. (2023). UTAUT2 Primary School Programming Instructional Questionnaire Adaptation to Malay Language: A Face and Content Validation Procedure. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Dan Matematik Malaysia, 13(2), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpsmm.vol13.2.7.2023