Penilaian kemahiran mental ke arah prestasi cemerlang atlet boling Ten-Pin MSSM 2018 negeri Perak

Mental skill assessment towards excellent achievement among MSSM 2018 Perak Ten-Pin bowling athletes

  • Nur Haziyanti Mohamad Khalid Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Kejurulatihan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Norazam Mat Isa Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri Perak, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mazura A. Fadhil SMK Convent, Teluk Intan, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: Sport Personality Questionnaire (SPQ20), Personaliti Sukan, Kemahiran Mental, Atlet Sekolah, Kejurulatihan

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti tahap kemahiran mental dalam kalangan atlet pelajar sekolah. Kajian dilakukan secara tinjauan terhadap 24 pemain boling ten-pin yang mewakili negeri Perak dalam kejohanan Majlis Sukan Sekolah Malaysia 2018. Soal selidik Sport Personality Questionnaire (SPQ20) digunakan bagi mengukur 20 dimensi kemahiran mental yang terdiri daripada empat domain utama iaitu pencapaian dan persaingan, keyakinan dan resilien, interaksi dan semangat kesukanan, serta kuasa dan keagresifan. SPQ20 juga menentukan kecenderungan atlet terhadap matrik kemahiran mental dan potensi kepimpinan. Analisis deskriptif adalah berdasarkan pendekatan sistem RAG (Red, Amber, Green) Traffic Light. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan keseluruhan domain kemahiran mental berada pada tahap kuning (sederhana). Berdasarkan matrik kemahiran mental, paling ramai atlet berada dalam golongan confident achiever (54.2%). Berdasarkan matrik potensi kepimpinan pula, paling ramai atlet berada dalam golongan democratic captain (33.3%). Kajian ini menggambarkan kepentingan menilai tahap kemahiran mental atlet, cara penggunaan alat ukur yang bersesuaian bagi mendapatkan maklumat berkaitan tahap kemahiran mental, dan cara pelaporan dapatan kajian bagi tujuan penambahbaikan aspek kejurulatihan.

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This research was conducted to determine the mental skill among school athletes. This research was conducted using survey method among 24 ten-pin bowlers that represented Perak in the Majlis Sukan Sekolah Malaysia (MSSM) 2018 tournament. Sport pErsonality Questionnaire (SPQ20) questionnaire was used to measure the 20 mental skill dimensions that consisted of 4 main domains that are achievement and competitiveness, confidence and resilience, interaction and sportsmanship, and power and aggression. SPQ20 also determine the athletes’ trend on the mental skill matric and leadership potential. Descriptive analysis is based on the Red, Amber, Green (RAG) Traffic Light system approach. Results showed all the mental skill domains were at the yellow level (intermediate). Based on the mental skill metric, highest number of athletes were in the confident achiever group (54.2%). Based on the leadership potential matric, highest number of athletes were in the democratic captain group (33.3%). The research demonstrate the importance of evaluating the athletes’ mental skill level, methods on using suitable measuring tools to gain information on the mental skill level, and the way to report results of study in order to enhance
coaching aspect.

Keywords: Sport Personality Questionnaire (SPQ20), Sports’ personality, mental skill, school athlete, coaching

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Published
2018-10-01
How to Cite
Mohamad Khalid, N. H., Mat Isa, N., & A. Fadhil, M. (2018). Penilaian kemahiran mental ke arah prestasi cemerlang atlet boling Ten-Pin MSSM 2018 negeri Perak. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 7(2), 42-52. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol7.2.5.2018