Emoji dan ekspresi emosi dalam kalangan komuniti siber

Emoji and Emotion Expressions among Cyber Community

  • Norwati Mohd Zain Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Hishamudin Isam Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
Keywords: Facebook, emoji, ; ekspresi, emosi, marah

Abstract

Kajian mengenai penggunaan emoji sebagai salah satu bentuk ekspresi emosi sebelum ini sangat terikat dengan pengkategorian emoji berasaskan ciri yang tipikal seperti persamaan dari segi makna, fungsi dan nilai. Kajian ini menjelaskan pemahaman makna penggunaan emoji yang mengiringi ekspresi emosi [marah] dalam rangkaian media sosial khususnya melalui www.facebook.com. Pemahaman makna penggunaan emoji yang mengiringi ekspresi emosi marah dianalisis berpandukan pendekatan disiplin linguistik korpus. Hasil analisis menunjukkan penggunaan emoji yang mengiringi ekspresi emosi [marah] telah membentuk konsep makna marah seperti [meluat], [mengamuk], [benci], [takut], peristiwa dan tindakan.  Kajian ini diyakini mampu memperjelaskan fenomena penggunaan bentuk visual emoji, reaksi wajah dan ekspresi emosi [marah] dalam kalangan komuniti siber.

References

Boréus, K. & Bergström, G. (2017). Analyzing text and discourse: Eight approaches for the social sciences. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Dresner, E. & Herring, S. C. (2010). Functions of the nonverbal in CMC: Emoticons and illocutionary force.
Communication Theory, 20, 249-268.

Ekman, P. (2016). What Scientists Who Study Emotion Agree About. Perspectives on Psychological Science,
11(1), 31-34.

Ekman, P. & Cordaro, D. T. (2011). "What is meant by calling emotions basic. Emotion review,3(4), 364–370.
Evans, V. (2012). Cognitive linguistics. WIREs Cogn. Sci, 3, 129-141.

Gendron, M., Roberson, D., van der Vyver, J. M., & Barrett, L. F. (2014). Perceptions of emotion from facial
expressions are not culturally universal: Evidence from a remote culture. Emotion, 14, 251-262.

Hamza Alshenqeeti. (2016). Are emoji creating a new or old visual language for new generations?: A socio-
semiotic study. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 7(6), 56-9.

Hishamudin, Mashetoh, Norma, & Nasariah. (2015). Perubahan domain dalam memaknakan darah: Analisis
gaya komunikasi dalam peribahasa Melayu. PENDETA Journal of Malay Language, Education and Literature, 5, 23-36.

Hseih, S. A., & Tseng, T. H. (2017). Playfulness in mobile instant messaging: Examining the influence of
emoticons and text messaging on social interaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 69, 405-414.

Izard, C. E. (2009). Emotion theory and research: Highlights, unanswered questions, and emerging issues.
Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 1– 25.

Jarrell, A., & Lajoie, S.P. (2017). The regalution of achievements emotions: Implications for research and
practice.Canadian Psychology, 58(3), 276-287.

Krippendorff, K. (1980). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Leech, G. N. (1992). Corpus linguistics and theoris of linguistics performance. Dlm. Svartvik, J. (Eds.),
Directions in corpus linguistics: Proceedings of nobel symposium, 82, 105-122.

Lucas, G. (2016), The Story of Emoji. London: Prestel Publishing.

McEnery, T., & Wilson, A. (2001). Corpus linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Nasroniazam Abu Bakar Sidiq. (2016). Peluasan makna kata nafi bukan dan tidak: Analisis korpus bahasa.
PENDETA Journal of Malay Language, Education and Literature, 7, 73-84.

Nelson, N. L., Hudspeth, K., & Russell, J. A. (2013). A story superiority effect for disgust, fear, embarrassment,
and pride. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 334–348.

Neuendorf, K.A. (2017). The content analysis guidebook second edition. USA: Cleveland State University.

Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin. (2006). Budaya penyelidikan dan penerbitan bertamadun: Satu sinergi. GEMA
Online Journal of Language Studies, 6(2), 49-64.

Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin., & Norsimah Mat Awal. (2006). Citra lelaki dulu dan kini dalam prosa Melayu:
Analisis teori relevans. Jurnal e- Bangi, 1(1), 1-21.

Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin. (2012). Korpus, teori dan aplikasi. Dlm. Fasal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan,
Norsimah Mat Awal, & Harishon Radzi (Peny.), Pemantapan dan pembinaan ilmu linguistik berasaskan korpus (hlm. 135-156). Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Plutchik, R. (1980). Emotion: Theory, research, and experience: Vol. 1. Theories of emotion, 1. New York:
Academic.

Riordan, M.A. (2017). Emojis as tools for emotion work: Communicating affect in text messages. Journal of
Language and Social Psychology, 1 –19.

Ruan, L. (2011). Meaningful signs? emoticons. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 1(1), 91–94.

Sarkar, T., Shetty, N., & Humstoe, M. K. (2014). Emoticons and emotions: Contextual interpretation in text
messages and consensus of meaning. Learning Curve, 3, 24-33.

Scott, M. (2016). Wordsmith Tools 7.0 [Computer software]. Retrieved from www.lexically.net/wordsmith/

Sinclair, J. (1991). Corpus, concordance, collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Siti Hamim Stapa, & Azianura Hani Shaari. (2012). Understanding online communicative language features in
social networking environment. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 12(3), 817-830.
http://ejournal.ukm.my/gema/article/view/1057/957

Skovholt, K., Gronning, A., & Kankaanranta, A. (2014). The communicative functions of emoticons in
workplace e-mails. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19, 780-797.

Soffer, O. (2010). ‘‘Silent Orality’’: Toward a conceptualization of the digital oral features in CMC and SMS
Texts. Communication Theory 20, 387–404.

Stewart, D. (2010). Semantic prosody: A critical evalution. New York: Routledge Pub.

Stubbs, M. (1996). Text and corpus analysis: Computer-assisted studies of language and culture. Oxford:
Blackwell Publishers.

Subashini, A. & Sobihatun Nur, A. S. (2017). Undergraduates' interpretation on Whatsapp smiley emoji.
Malaysian Journal of Communication, 33(4), 89-103.

Tigwell, Garreth W., & David R. F. (2016). “Oh That’s What You Meant!: Reducing Emoji Misunderstanding.”
In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services Adjunct, 859–866. MobileHCI ’16. New York, NY, USA: ACM. doi:10.1145/2957265.2961844.

Thompson, D. & Filik, R. (2016). Sarcasm in written communication: Emoticons are efficient markers of
intention. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 21(2), 105-120.

Tognini-Bonelli, E. (2001). Corpus Linguistics at Work of Studies in Corpus Linguistics v6. Amsterdam: John
Benjamin.

Tossell, C. C., Kortum, P., Shepard, C., Barg-Walkow, L. H., Rahmati, A., & Zhong, L. (2012). A longitudinal study of emoticon use in text messaging from smartphones. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 659-663.

Unicode. (2016). Unicode 8.0.0. Retrieved from http://www.unicode.org/versions/

Unicode Inc. (2017). Emoji and Pictographs. Retrieved from http://www.unicode.org/faq/emoji_dingbats.html
Published
2019-12-24
How to Cite
Mohd Zain, N., & Isam, H. (2019). Emoji dan ekspresi emosi dalam kalangan komuniti siber. PENDETA: Journal of Malay Language, Education and Literature, 10, 13-23. Retrieved from http://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/PENDETA/article/view/2092