Persepsi ibu bapa terhadap separation anxiety kanak-kanak

Parents perception of children separation anxiety

  • Siti Najwa Samsul Bahari Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Masayu Dzainudin Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: kesedaran ibu bapa, separation anxiety, kanak-kanak, Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan, parents’ awareness, young children, Movement Control Order

Abstract

Separation anxiety boleh berlaku apabila seorang individu berasa takut dan risau untuk berpisah dengan orang yang mereka percaya. Bagi kanak-kanak yang mempunyai masalah separation anxiety, ianya akan berlaku semasa hari pertama kemasukan di pusat pendidikan awal kanak-kanak yang memerlukan mereka berdikari dan berpisah dengan ibu bapa atau penjaga pada tempoh masa yang panjang. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk; (i) mengenal pasti persediaan ibu bapa terhadap separation anxiety selepas tempoh Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) tamat; (ii) mengenal pasti pendekatan ibu bapa bagi mengatasi masalah separation anxiety kanak–kanak; dan (iii) memerihalkan kesan separation anxiety kanak-kanak. Kajian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Protokol dan soalan temu bual dibina bagi mendapatkan pandangan partisipan dan menjawab persoalan kajian. Lima orang partisipan dipilih secara persampelan bertujuan yang terdiri daripada ibu bapa kepada kanak-kanak yang mengalami masalah separation anxiety. Transkrip temu bual dianalisis menggunakan analisis tematik dan pengekodan. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan ibu bapa perlu peka dan cakna dengan masalah yang berlaku pada anak mereka, dan membuat persediaan dengan mengambil tahu dan mengukuhkan pengetahuan tentang separation anxiety.

Separation anxiety can occur when an individual feels scared and anxious to break up with someone they trust. Young children who have separation anxiety, most probably it will occur during the first day of admission to the early childhood education centre which requires them to be independent and separated from their parents or guardians for a long time. The objectives of this study are to; (i) identify parents' preparation of separation anxiety after the end of Movement Control Order (MCO); (ii) identify parents' approach to overcome children separation anxiety; and (iii) describe the effects of separation anxiety in children. This study uses qualitative methods. Protocols and interview questions were constructed to obtain partisipants' views and answer research questions. Five partisipants were selected by purposeful sampling consisting of parents to children with separation anxiety problems. Interview transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis and coding. The findings of the study show that parents need to be sensitive and aware of the problems that children have and be prepared to finding knowledge about separation anxiety.

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Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Samsul Bahari, S. N., & Dzainudin, M. (2020). Persepsi ibu bapa terhadap separation anxiety kanak-kanak. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 9, 61-72. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPAK/article/view/4538