Gerontology Counseling Competency for Counselors in Malaysia: Addressing the Aging Population's Mental Health Needs


  • Nik Nazlan Nik Jaafar Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Pau Kee Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Aslina Ahmad Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia



Gerontology counseling, counseling competency, counseling older adults, older adults, mental health needs



The aging population in Malaysia faces unique mental health challenges, including depression, anxiety, loneliness, and social isolation. To improve the mental health and overall quality of life of Malaysian older adults, it is essential to identify the need and develop the necessary competencies for counselors working with older adults. This review article includes the increasing prevalence of mental disorders among older adults in Malaysia and emphasizes the need for enhanced access to effective mental health care and the gerontology counseling competencies required to address the mental health needs of the aging population. It also highlights the importance of incorporating gerontology counseling courses into the curricula of public universities, establishing competency standards, and fostering collaboration among counselors, healthcare professionals, and policymakers to improve the mental well-being and overall quality of life for older adults in Malaysia, which aligns with the National Policy of Older Persons (2011). The methodology involved conducting a literature search, screening and selecting relevant studies, and synthesizing the findings.


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How to Cite

Nik Jaafar, N. N., Pau Kee, & Ahmad , A. (2023). Gerontology Counseling Competency for Counselors in Malaysia: Addressing the Aging Population’s Mental Health Needs. Jurnal Pendidikan Bitara UPSI, 16, 170–178.