Evaluation of Students’ Satisfaction towards Instructor using Factor Analysis

  • Mirza Anwar Zainuddin School of Quantitative Sciences, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Jer Lai Jun School of Quantitative Sciences, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Muhamad Zulhelme Bakar School of Quantitative Sciences, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Kumaresan Palanisamy School of Quantitative Sciences, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Zahayu Md Yusof School of Quantitative Sciences, UUM College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia
Keywords: Factor analysis, Independent factor, Dependent factor

Abstract

Student evaluation on instructors is used in almost every high institution throughout the world whether in university or even colleges. The objective of this paper is to examine the factors that contribute to the student's evaluation on instructors among undergraduate students at Northern University of Malaysia (UUM) by using factor analysis method. The respondents of this study were 153 undergraduate students at the School of Quantitative Science via convenience sampling and snowball sampling method. The questionnaire was distributed to the participants via Google Form regarding demographic information and evaluation of the instructor. The questionnaire evaluation of the instructor consisted of 31 questions in total and 153 responses were received. The factors were classified into dependent and independent variables to identify the significance of the variables. In this paper, the variables of Student Interest, Student-Instructor, Course Demands and Course Organization were grouped as independent factors while Instructor involvement as the dependent factor.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al‐Abbadi, I., Alkhateeb, F., Khanfar, N., Mujtaba, B., & Latif, D. (2009). Pharmacy students' perceptions of the teaching evaluation process in Jordan. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues.

Artino, A. R. (2007). Motivational beliefs and perceptions of instructional quality: Predicting satisfaction with online training. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 24(3), 260-270.

Bosshardt, W., & Watts, M. (2001). Comparing student and instructor evaluations of teaching. The Journal of Economic Education, 32(1), 3-17.

Brown, J. D. (2009). Principal components analysis and exploratory factor analysis – Definitions, differences, and choices. Statistics, 13(1), 26-30.

Cohen, E. H. (2005). Student evaluations of course and teacher: Factor analysis and SSA approaches. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30(2), 123-136.

Culver, S. (2010). Course Grades, Quality of Student Engagement, and Students' Evaluation of Instructor. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 22(3), 331-336.

Dilorio, C. K. (2006). Measurement in health behavior: methods for research and evaluation (Vol. 1). John Wiley & Sons.

Emery, C. R., Kramer, T. R., & Tian, R. G. (2003). Return to academic standards: A critique of student evaluations of teaching effectiveness. Quality assurance in Education.

Feldman, K. A. (1984). Class size and college students' evaluations of teachers and courses: A closer look. Research in Higher Education, 21(1), 45-116.

Fraser, B. J., Aldridge, J. M., & Soerjaningsih, W. (2010). Instructor-student interpersonal interaction and student outcomes at the university level in Indonesia. The Open Education Journal, 3(1).

Hill, M. C., & Epps, K. K. (2010). The impact of physical classroom environment on student satisfaction and student evaluation of teaching in the university environment. Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 14(4), 65.

Hsu, J. L., & Chiu, H. Y. (2009). Perceived differences in teaching performance from viewpoints of lecturers and students. International Journal of Educational Management.

Kline, P. (2014). An easy guide to factor analysis. Routledge.

Ladyshewsky, R. (2013). Instructor presence in online courses and student satisfaction. The International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 7(1), 1-23.

Liaw, S., & Goh, K. (2003). Evidence and control of biases in student evaluations of teaching. International Journal of Educational Management.

Marsh, H. W. (1987). Students' evaluations of university teaching: Research findings, methodological issues, and directions for future research. International journal of educational research, 11(3), 253-388.

Mintu-Wimsatt, A., Ingram, K., Milward, M. A., & Russ, C. (2006). On different teaching delivery methods: What happens to instructor course evaluations?. Marketing Education Review, 16(3), 49-57.

Pascarella, E. T., & Terenzini, P. T. (2005). How college affects students. Vol. 2: A third decade of research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Paswan, A. K., & Young, J. A. (2002). Student evaluation of instructor: A nomological investigation using structural equation modeling. Journal of Marketing Education, 24(3), 193-202.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2009). Research methods for business students. Pearson education

Sojka, J., Gupta, A. K., & Deeter-Schmelz, D. R. (2002). Student and faculty perceptions of student evaluations of teaching: A study of similarities and differences. College Teaching, 50(2), 44-49.

Wachtel, H. (1998). Student evaluation of college teaching effectiveness: a brief review.

Wright, S., & Jenkins-Guarnieri, M. (2012). Student evaluations of teaching: Combining the metanalyses and demonstrating further evidence for effective use. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 37(6), 683-699.

Zalma, A. R., Safiah, M. Y., Ajau, D., & Khairil Anuar, M. I. (2015). Reliability and validity of television food advertising questionnaire in Malaysia. Health promotion international, 30(3), 523-530.

Zulkepli, M., Sipan, I., & Jibril, J. D. (2017). An exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis for green affordable housing criteria instrument. International Journal of Real Estate Studies, 11(4), 9-21.

Published
2021-01-08
How to Cite
Anwar Zainuddin, M., Lai Jun, J., Bakar, M. Z., Palanisamy, K., & Md Yusof, Z. (2021). Evaluation of Students’ Satisfaction towards Instructor using Factor Analysis. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 9(1), 36-45. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsml.vol9.1.4.2021