An Instrument to Assess Effect of the Physical Classroom Environment on Students

  • Che Nidzam Che Ahmad
  • Asmayati Yahaya
  • Mohd Faizal Nizam Lee Abdullah
  • Noraini Mohamed Noh
  • Mazlini Adnan
  • Nurul Jannah Amri
Keywords: assesment instrument, physical environment, effect on student, classroom environment, health effect, fun effect, learning effect

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop an instrument to assess the effect of the physical classroom environment on students. Based on the literature review, interviews with teachers and analysis of existing instruments, constructs and items that contribute to the effects of the physical classrooms environment have been identified. Validity and reliability analysis have been performed on the instruments constructed. The validity of instrument was determined by eight experts in education. A total of 900 students participated in this study. The result is a newly developed instrument comprises of three main constructs namely environmental effects on health, fun and student learning. This instrument is in the form of a likert scale 1 to 5 with loading factor for each item is in the range of 0.603 to 0.816 and the reliability (alpha) was in the range of 0.886 to 0.954. The findings of this study clearly demonstrated the validity and reliability of the instrument and it can be used in assessing the effect of the physical clasrooms environment on student.

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Author Biographies

Che Nidzam Che Ahmad

Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Asmayati Yahaya

Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Mohd Faizal Nizam Lee Abdullah

Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Noraini Mohamed Noh

Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Mazlini Adnan

Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Nurul Jannah Amri

Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Published
2014-12-01
How to Cite
Che Ahmad, C. N., Yahaya, A., Abdullah, M. F. N. L., Mohamed Noh, N., Adnan, M., & Amri, N. J. (2014). An Instrument to Assess Effect of the Physical Classroom Environment on Students. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 2, 1-12. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JSML/article/view/388

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