The Effectiveness of Green Chemistry Experiments on Students’ Achievement in Electrochemistry

Keberkesanan Amali Kimia Hijau Ke Atas Pencapaian Pelajar Dalam Elektrokimia

  • Nur Liyana Zahari Technical Secondary School Sejingkat, Kuching, Sarawak, MALAYSIA
  • Hafsah Taha Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Green chemistry experiments, Education on sustainability, Electrochemistry, Environmental education, Laboratory pedagogy

Abstract

Green chemistry could play an important role in the implementation of our national chemistry curriculum to ensure the success of education on sustainability or environmental education. Green chemistry experiments use the concept of reducing the use of chemicals by replacing chemicals with benign chemicals and recycled materials to approximate sustainable use of materials. This quasi-experiment study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the implementation of green chemistry experiments on students’ achievement in electrochemistry. The pre- and post-tests were administered to 22 secondary school students who took Form Four Chemistry subject and they were randomly divided into treatment and control groups. The treatment group carried out electrochemistry experiments based on the green chemistry lab manual developed while the control group carried out convensional chemistry experiments based on the practical textbook provided by the ministry. Data obtained were analysed using t-tests. Results showed significant difference for the treatment group in the pre and post achievement test [t(10)= −2.823, p<0.05]. Therefore, it is indicated green chemistry experiments may have a positive impact on students’ achievement in electrochemistry. The green chemistry experiments seemed to engage students in actively learning the topic and facilitate teachers to diversify their laboratory pedagogy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aini, M. S., Nor Azura, S., & Fakhru‘l-Razi, A. (2011). Impact of Environmental Education on Concern, Knowledge and Sustainable Behavior of Primary School Children. Health and the Environment Journal, 2(1), 50-53.

Alexiou, A., Bouras, C. & Giannaka, E. (2004). Technology Enhanced Learning. Boston: Springer.

Boylan, C. (2008). Exploring Elementary Students’ Understanding of Energy and Climate Change. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 1(1). 1-15.

Carr-Chellman, A. A. (2011). Instructional design for teachers: Improving classroom practice. New York: Routledge.

Cohen, J. (1968). Multiple regression as a general data-analytic system. Psychological Bulletin, 70(6), 426-443.

Creswell, J. W. & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fatin Nurfakhrana, M. A., Nur Syahirah, M. N., & Hafsah, T. (2019). Secondary School Students’ Green Chemistry Experiment, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice: Instrument Development and An Exploratory Study In Malaysia. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains & Matematik Malaysia, 9(1), 13-17.

Hafsah, T., Vignesvaran, S., Khoo, Y. Y., Asmayati, Y., Lee, T. T., & Muhd Ibrahim, M. D. (2019). Impact of Student-Initiated Green Chemistry Experiments on Their Knowledge, Awareness and Practices of Environmental Sustainability. International Conference of Chemistry (ICCHEM) 2018: Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1156.

Haliza, A. R. (2017). Usaha Dan Cabaran Dalam Mengaplikasikan Pendidikan Alam Sekitar Dalam Sistem Persekolahan Di Malaysia. Asian Journal of Environment, History and Heritage, 2(1), 61-70.

Hamidah, Y., Jamal, Y. & Khalip, M. (2015). Kaedah Penyelidikan Pengurusan Pendidikan. Tanjong Malim, Perak: Nur Niaga Sdn. Bhd.

Hanifah, M., Mohamadisa, H., Yazid, S., Nasir, N. & Saiyidatina, B. N. (2017). Pengetahuan dan Amalan Hijau dalam Kalangan Murid Sekolah Rendah. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 42(1), 41-49.

Jabatan Alam Sekitar. (2012). Garis Panduan Pelaksanaan Dan Penilaian Sekolah Lestari Anugerah Alam Sekitar.

Mageswary, K., Zurida, I. & Norita, M. (2011). Green Chemistry: Educating Prospective Science Teachers in Education for Sustainable Development at School of Educational Studies, USM. Journal of Science Sciences, 7(1), 42.

Mageswary, K., Zurida, I. & Roth, W. M. (2012). Fostering Pre-Service Teachers’ Self-Determined Environmental Motivation Through Green Chemistry Experiments. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 23(6), 673-696.

Mageswary, K., Roth, W. M. & Devananthini, S. (2016). The Role of Green Chemistry Activities In Fostering Secondary School Students’ Understanding Of Acid-Base Concepts And Argumentation Skills. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 17(4), 893-901.

Kartini, A. P., Mohammad Yusof, A., Mohd Shafie, R. & Nurbiha, A. S. (2015). Implimentasi Pendidikan Pembangunan Lestari Melalui Kimia Hijau Secara Informal-Cabaran dan Peluang.

Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia (2016), Buku Penerangan KSSM. Putrajaya: Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum.

Larson, M. B., & Lockee, B. B. (2014). Streamlined ID: A practical guide to instructional design. Oxon: Routledge.

Lembaga Peperiksaan, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia. (2013). Analisis Bertopik SPM Soalan Peperiksaan Tahun-Tahun Lepas 2015-2012. Selangor: Sasbadi Sdn. Bhd.

Lembaga Peperiksaan, Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia. (2011-2017). Kertas Soalan Peperiksaan Sebenar SPM 2011-2017. Selangor: Pustaka Yakin Pelajar Sdn. Bhd.

Mohd Fazli, H., Suhaida, A. K. & Soaib, A. (2013). Hubungan persekitaran sekolah dengan penglibatan pelajar dalam aktiviti kokurikulum di sekolah menengah. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia 38(2): 1-9.

Mohd Rafi, Y., Razali, S. H. & Nik Rozhan, N. I. (2003). Perceptions of Educated Consumers on Environmentally Friendly Products in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Consumer and Family Economics, 6, 42-49.

Mok, S. S. (2008). Learner and Learning Environment. Educational Psychology and Pedagogy. Penerbitan Multimedia Sdn.Bhd.

Natasya, M. N., Nurul Huda, A. M. & Hafsah, T. (2019). The Status of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Postgraduate Students Towards Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). Jurnal Pendidikan Sains dan Matematik Malaysia, 9 (2). 35-41.

Nik Azmah, N. Y., Norazimah, M. A., Norazilawati, A. dan Ong, E. T. (2016). The Effectiveness of Hands-On/ Authentic Learning on Elementary School Students’ Achievement In And Attitudes Towards Science. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains & Matematik Malaysia, 6(1), 79-100.

Noraini, I. (2013). Penyelidikan dalam pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Mc Graw Hill Education (M).

Norazilawati, A., Nik Azmah, N. Y., Noraini, M. N. & Mohd Nazir, M. Z. (2017). Pembinaan Perisisan Interaktif untuk Menerapkan Kemahiran Proses Sains dalam Mata Pelajaran Sains Sekolah Rendah. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains dan Matematik Malaysia, 7(1), 76-92.

Nurul Hidayah, L. A., Haryati, S. & Seow, T.W. (2013). Pengetahuan Murid Dan Perkaitan Ibu Bapa Terhadap Kesedaran Alam Sekitar: Satu Kajian Awal. Jurnal Teknologi, 64(1), 51-57.

Paristiowati, M., Hadinugrahaningsih, T., Purwanto, A. & Karyadi, P. A. (2019). Analysis of Students’ Scientific Literacy in Contextual-Flipped Classroom Learning on Acid-Base Topic. International Conference of Chemistry (ICCHEM) 2018: Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1156. 1-6.

Ramlee, I, Jamal@Nordin, Y. & Marinah, A. (2016). Analisis Data & Pelaporan dengan menggunakan SPSS. Tanjong Malim, Perak: My Era Cetak Sdn. Bhd.

Rose Amnah, A. R. & Mohamad Sattar, R. (2010). Pembangunan Alat Ukur Tahap Kemahiran Kebolehdapatan Kerja. Selangor: Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Saedah, S., Muhammad Ridhuan, T. L. A. & Rozaini, M. R. (2020). Pendekatan Penyelidikan Rekabentuk dan Pembangunan.; Aplikasi kepada Peneyelidikan Pendidikan. Tanjing Malim: Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Siti Khatijah, Z. & Chirstopher, P. (2016). Cabaran dan Strategi ke Arah Pembentukan Komuniti Lestari. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 12(12), 10-24.

Sjostrom, J., Rauch, F. & Eilks, I. (2015). Chemistry Education for Sustainability. In Relevant Chemistry Education-From Theory to Practice; Eilks, I., Hofstein, A., Eds.; Sense: Rotterdam; The Netherlands. 163–184.

Ummu Nasibah, N., Muhammad Izuan, A. G. & Nazipah, M. S. (2015). Model Addie Dalam Proses Reka Bentuk Modul Pengajaran: Bahasa Arab Tujuan Khas Di Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia Sebagai Contoh. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Language Teaching ISeLT 2015. Bangi, Malaysia.

Vignesvaran, S. (2018). Kesan amali Kimia Hijau ke atas pengetahuan dan sikap pelajar terhadap kelestarian alam. Tanjung Malim: Fakulti Sains dan Matematik, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Zarrintaj, A., Sharifah Zarina, S. Z., Abdul Samad, H. & Mahyar, S. (2012). Environmental Education in Malaysia, Progresses and Challenge Ahead (Review). Life Science Journal, 9(2), 1149-1151.

Zyadin, A., Puhakka, A., Ahponen, P., Cronberg, T. & Pelkonen, P. (2012). School Students’ Knowledge, Percepitations, and Attitudes Toward Renewable Energy in Jordan. Renewable Energy, 4(1), 78-85.

Published
2021-05-27
How to Cite
Zahari, N. L., & Taha, H. (2021). The Effectiveness of Green Chemistry Experiments on Students’ Achievement in Electrochemistry. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 9(2), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsml.vol9.2.3.2021