Investigating the Roles of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Music Education:

A Systematic Literature Review


  • Shahazwan Mat Yusoff Mr.
  • Anwar Farhan Mohd Marzaini
  • Muhammad Hafiz Hassan
  • Noorhayati Zakaria



music education, Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), systematic literature review


Despite the growing recognition of the importance of Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) in music education, there is a significant knowledge gap regarding the precise nature of its role and how it contributes to effective teaching and learning. The objective of this systematic literature review is to examine and synthesize existing research on the roles of teachers' PCK in music education. Specifically, the study aims to explore how the PCK of music educators influences their teaching strategies, curriculum development, student engagement, and assessment practices. The research seeks to examine how these roles may vary across different scenarios and the implications of these variations for teaching and learning, especially in the context of music education across various educational settings. By synthesizing findings from diverse educational levels and cultural contexts, this review seeks to offer profound insights into the optimization of music education across various educational settings. The study follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The analysis focused on the research question and identified themes related to the PCK in music education. The analysis revealed four emerging themes: understanding of music concepts, pedagogical strategies, student-centered teaching approaches, and assessment practices. These findings provide insights into effective practices for music curriculum designers and instructors in designing and developing strategies in teaching and learning in music education. These insights can inform the development of effective teaching strategies, curriculum design, and assessment practices in music education, ultimately enhancing the quality of instruction and learning experiences for students.


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How to Cite

Mat Yusoff, S., Mohd Marzaini, A. F., Hassan, M. H., & Zakaria, N. (2023). Investigating the Roles of Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Music Education: : A Systematic Literature Review. Malaysian Journal of Music, 12(2), 95–114.