Pengaruh Pemboleh Ubah Makroekonomi Terhadap Perbelanjaan Penjagaan Kesihatan di Malaysia

The Effect of Macroeconomics Variables on Healthcare Product Expenditure Pattern in Malaysia

  • Norimah Rambeli@Ramli Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Emilda Hashim Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Nurhanani Romli Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Fauziah Che Leh Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Syazwani Mohd Bakri Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Keywords: healthcare product expenditure pattern, life expectancy, citizen population, GDP Percapita

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti faktor makroekonomi terhadap perbelanjaan penjagaan kesihatan di Malaysia. Kajian ini menggunakan data siri masa selama 19 tahun iaitu dari tahun 1997 hingga tahun 2015 bagi melihat trend perbelanjaan penjagaan kesihatan selepas berlaku krisis kewangan 1997. Kaedah Kuasa Dua Terkecil (KKDT) telah digunakan bagi membina model regrasi berbilang bagi tujuan pengukuran. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa wujud hubungan positif yang signifikan antara perbelanjaan penjagaan kesihatan per kapita (HCEppc), jangka hayat hidup (Le) dan populasi berumur 65 tahun keatas (Pop65) terhadap perbelanjaan penjagaan kesihatan (HCE) di Malaysia. Sebaliknya, perbelanjaan penjagaan kesihatan (HCE) dipengaruhi oleh KDNK per kapita (GDPppc) secara negatif. Kajian ini adalah penting untuk dijalankan kerana amalan penjagaan kesihatan membawa pengaruh besar kepada individu, institusi keluarga, masyarakat dan negara. Kemajuan dalam penjagaan kesihatan secara langsung dapat meningkatkan taraf kehidupan rakyat yang merupakan jentera kepada negara.

The purpose of this article is to identify which macroeconomics factor influencing the healthcare product expenditure pattern in Malaysia. This study employs the time series data from 1997 to 2015. By utilizing the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) approach, the estimated modeling is developed. According to the results, it is found that, positive relationship between healthcare product expenditure pattern per capita (HCEppc), life expectancy (Le) and citizen population 65 years and above (Pop65) on healthcare product expenditure pattern (HCE) in Malaysia. But, GDP Percapita effects healthcare product expenditure pattern in Malaysia negatively. The result of this study importance because healthcare practices bring great influence to individuals, family institutions, communities and countries. The research on healthcare can directly improve the standard of living of people who are human capital for the country.

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Published
2017-10-22
How to Cite
Rambeli@Ramli, N., Hashim, E., Romli, N., Che Leh, F., & Mohd Bakri, S. (2017). Pengaruh Pemboleh Ubah Makroekonomi Terhadap Perbelanjaan Penjagaan Kesihatan di Malaysia. Management Research Journal, 6, 112 - 124. https://doi.org/10.37134/mrj.vol6.10.2017

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