PENGLIBATAN IBU BAPA DALAM PENDIDIKAN AWAL KANAK-KANAK DI PUSAT ANAK PERMATA NEGARA

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN PUSAT ANAK PERMATA NEGARA

  • Fauziah Hanim Jalal Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Fairuz ‘Ain Harun Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Noraini Ismail Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Nazariah Abd Samad Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Keywords: penglibatan ibu bapa, pendidikan awal kanak-kanak, Pusat Anak Permata Negara, parental involvement, early childhood education, Pusat Anak PERMATA Negara

Abstract

Penglibatan ibu bapa dalam pendidikan awal kanak-kanak perlu disokong oleh pelbagai pihak khususnya pendidik, ibu bapa dan komuniti. Sokongan ini merupakan satu konsep complimentary learning bagi membantu pencapaian segala keperluan dan kejayaan kanak-kanak. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti jenis aktiviti yang disertai dan persepsi penglibatan dan halangan dalam penglibatan ibu bapa di Pusat Anak Permata Negara (PAPN). Empat buah pusat (luar bandar=2, pinggir bandar=1, bandar=1) dari dua buah negeri dan seramai 102 ibu bapa (Bapa =22, Ibu =76, Penjaga = 4) telah diplih menggunakan persampelan berstrata. Kaedah kajian adalah berbentuk tinjauan. Data di analisis menggunakan kaedah deskriptif bagi mendapatkan min, kekerapan, dan peratusan. Kajian mendapati pusat telah mengadakan banyak aktiviti yang sesuai mengikut keperluan ibu bapa. Namun majoriti ibu bapa terlibat dalam dua aktiviti di pusat iaitu hadir dalam mesyuarat bulanan dan aktiviti dua jam setiap minggu. Persepsi ibu bapa terhadap penglibatan di pusat adalah positif dalam kesemua empat aspek penglibatan iaitu komunikasi (min=4.43), penerimaan (min=4.38), empowerment (min=4.27) dan persekitaran (min=4.13). Penglibatan ibu bapa masih di tahap sederhana kerana halangan besar mereka ialah kesuntukan masa kerana bekerja. Keputusan mengenai penglibatan ibu bapa memberi implikasi kepada pihak pusat untuk meningkatkan lagi kerjasama dengan pihak ibu bapa agar keperluan mereka difahami.

Parental involvement in early childhood education should be supported by various parties, especially educators, parents and community. This support is a complimentary basis to assist the achievement of all learning needs and success of children. This study aims to identify the types of activities participated and the perceptions as barriers in parental involvement in Pusat Anak Permata Negara (PAPN). Four centers (rural = 2, suburbs = 1, urban = 1) from the two states and a total of 102 parents (father = 22 = 76 Mother, Guardian = 4) were selected using stratified sampling. The research was a survey. Data were analyzed using descriptive methods to get min, frequency, and percentage. The study found that the center had organized many activities that suited the needs of the parents. However, the majority of parents were involved in two activities in the center which were the monthly meetings and two hours per week activities. Parent’s perception of involvement in the center is positive in all four aspects; communication (mean = 4.43), reception (mean = 4.38), empowerment (mean = 4.27) and environment (mean = 4.13). Parental involvement is still at a moderate level because of their commitment to the working hours. The finding on parental involvement indicates that the centers need to understand the parent’s needs and improve cooperation with the parents.

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Published
2014-12-19
How to Cite
Jalal, F. H., Harun, F. ‘Ain, Ismail, N., & Abd Samad, N. (2014). PENGLIBATAN IBU BAPA DALAM PENDIDIKAN AWAL KANAK-KANAK DI PUSAT ANAK PERMATA NEGARA. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 3, 36 - 61. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPAK/article/view/778