Isu dan cabaran penggunaan MOOC dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran

Issue and challenges of using MOOC in the process of teaching dan learning

  • Norfarahi Zulkifli Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Isa Hamzah Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Khadijah Abdul Razak Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
Keywords: Cabaran, Isu dalam MOOC, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), Teknologi Pendidikan

Abstract

Kemajuan teknologi masa kini menyaksikan perubahan dalam lanskap pendidikan yang banyak mengubah corak pengajaran dan pembelajaran masa kini seiring dengan pendidikan abad ke 21. Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia Pendidikan Tinggi (PPPM PT) 2015-2025 juga sangat memberi penekanan terhadap penggunaan teknologi maklumat dan transformasi penyampaian proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Pelan ini meletakkan lonjakan kesembilan iaitu pembelajaran dalam talian tahap global untuk transformasi sistem pendidikan dengan memanfaatkan teknologi maklumat bagi meningkatkan kualiti pembelajaran di Malaysia. Perkara ini juga bertepatan dengan Pendidikan 4.0 yang mengketengahkan kemahiran abad 21 yang sangat penting untuk diaplikasikan dalam pendidikan. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) merupakan satu platform yang diperkenalkan sebagai satu pendekatan baru dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Walaupun MOOC didapati dapat menambahbaik pengajaran dan meningkatkan penglibatan pelajar, terdapat banyak kajian lepas menunjukkan kesediaan pelajar menggunakan MOOC masih berada di tahap sederhana. Justeru, kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenalpasti halangan utama penggunaan MOOC dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran serta mengenalpasti perbezaan dari segi halangan penggunaan MOOC oleh pelajar mengikut demografi di sebuah politeknik di zon selatan. Kajian secara kuantitatif ini dijalankan dengan mentadbir soal selidik kepada 213 orang pelajar untuk mendapatkan maklum balas. Data diukur dengan menggunakan skala likert 1 hingga 5 dan dianalisis menggunakan Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) untuk melihat analisis deskriptif dan inferensi kepada. Kesahan soal selidik juga telah dijalankan dan nilai alpha bagi soal selidik ialah, α = 0.887. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan sumber liputan internet/wifi menjadi halangan utama penggunaan MOOC dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran walaupun pelajar memberikan komitmen dan bermotivasi untuk menggunakan MOOC.

Abstract

The Malaysian Education Development Plan for Higher Education (PPPM PT) 2015-2025 strongly emphasizes the use of information technology and the transformation of the delivery of teaching and learning processes. The plan places the ninth shift in the global online learning which is intended to transform the education system by leveraging information technology in improving the quality of learning in Malaysia. This is in line with Education 4.0 which highlights the 21st century skills that are so important to be applied in education. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are a platform introduced as a new approach to the teaching and learning process. Although MOOCs have been found to improve teaching and increase student engagement, many previous studies have shown that students’ readiness to use MOOCs is still at a moderate level. Therefore, this study was conducted at one polytechnic in the Southern Zone to identify the major barriers to the use of MOOCs and identify differences in the barriers by demography. This quantitative study was conducted by administering the questionnaire to 213 students for feedback. Data were collected using a 1 to 5 Likert scale and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) by measuring the descriptive and inferential statistic. The alpha value of the questionnaire was, α = 0.887. The findings show that internet/Wi-Fi coverage sources are a major obstacle to using MOOCs within the classroom even though students are committed and motivated towards using MOOCs.

Keywords: Challenges, Educational Technology, Issues of MOOCs, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC),

References

Adlina Ab. Halim., Normala Othman., Ahmad Nasir Mohd Yusof., Arfah Ab. Majid., & Norasyikin Azri. (2020). Keberkesanan Mooc Titas dalam pembentukan sikap mahasiswa universiti awam. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, 2(1), 40-48.

Ahmad Fkrudin Mohamed Yusoff., Natrah Yaacob., & Musleha Mokter. (2019). Penerimaan pelajar terhadap pelaksanaan kursus Sains Teknologi dan Kejuruteraan dalam Islam di politeknik. Journal of Quran Sunnah Education and Special Needs, 3(1), 37–48.

Ahmad Fkrudin Mohamed Yusoff., Wan Norina Wan Hamat., & Nor Khayati Basir. (2019). Penggunaan aplikasi web 2.0 dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran kursus mata pelajaran umum. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 16(5), 1–13.

Anderson, E. W., Potter, K. C., Matzen, L. E., Shepherd, J. F., Preston, G. A., & Silva, C. T. (2011). A user study of visualization effectiveness using EEG and cognitive load. Computer Graphics Forum, 30(3), 791-800.

Atiaja, L., & Guerrero-Proenza, R. S. (2016). Moocs: Problems and challenges in higher education. International Conference on Advances in Education, Teaching & Technology, 82–88.

Ab. Halim Tamuri, Adnan Yusopp, Kamisah Osman, Shahrin Awaluddin Zamri Abdul Rahim dan Khadijah Abdul Razak. 2004. Keberkesanan Kaedah Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Pendidikan Islam ke Atas Pembangunan Diri Murid. Laporan akhir projek penyelidikan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Ab. Halim Tamuri. 2005. Hala Tuju dan Cabaran Pendidikan Islam dalam Era Globalisasi. Kertas kerja Seminar Pendidikan dan Penghayatan Islam. Jabatan TITAS, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, 1 Mac.

Baturay, M. H. (2015). An overview of the world of MOOCs. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 427-433.

Bucovetchi, O., Stanciu, R. D., & Simion, C. P. (2016). Study on designing a curriculum suitable for MOOC platforms starting out the Romanian students’ expectations. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 22, 1135-1141.

Buhl, M., & Andreasen, L. B. (2018). Learning potentials and educational challenges of massive open online courses (MOOCs) in lifelong learning. International Review of Education, 64(2): 151–160.

Bralić, A. & Divjak, B. 2018. Integrating MOOCs in traditionally taught courses: achieving learning outcomes with blended learning. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education 15(2). Retrieved from
https://educationaltechnologyjournal.springeropen.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s41239-017-0085-7. doi:10.1186/s41239-017-0085-7

Chea, C. C. (2016). Benefits and challenges of massive open online courses. ASEAN Journal of Open Distance Learning, 8, 16-23.

Cole, A. W., & Timmerman, C. E. (2015). What do current college students think about MOOCs? MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 11(2), 188-201.

Creswell, J. W. (2005). Educational research planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River: NJ Pearson.

Dziuban, C., Graham, C. R., Moskal, P. D., Norberg, A., & Sicilia, N. (2018). Blended learning: The new normal and emerging technologies. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 15, 1-16.

Dominikus David Biondi Situmorang. (2016). Hubungan Antara Potensi Kreativitas Dan Motivasi Berprestasi Mahasiswa Program Studi Bimbingan Dan Konseling Angkatan Angkatan 2010 FKIP Unika Atma Jaya. Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Indonesia 1(1): 6-9.
doi:10.26737/jbki.v1i1.97

Farah Nurshahira Zulkifli., & Md Yusoff Daud. (2017). Transformasi pendidikan: Isu dan cabaran pendidikan abad ke-21 melalui aplikasi massive open online courses (MOOC) di Malaysia. In Simposium Pendidikan diPeribadikan: Perspektif Risalah An-Nur. Anjuran Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia di Akademi Kepimpinan Pengajian Tinggi (AKEPT).

George, G., & Mallery, P. (2003). SPSS for windows step by step: a simple guide and reference, 11.0 update. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon

Ghazali Zainuddin, Mohd Shahrul Nizam Danuri, Adnan Mat Ali, Mohammad Imran Ahmad, Nor Effendy Ahmad Sokri, Mohammad Najib Jaffar, ... & Harwati Hashim. (2019). A Systematic Literature Review on Massive Open Online Course for Language Learning. Creative Education, 10(12), 3195-3204.

Ghazali Zainuddin. &Siti Rosilawati Ramlan. (2018). MOOC Untuk Pembelajaran Bahasa: Satu Tinjauan Literatur Sistematik. International Conference on Islamiyyat Studies 2018 18 - 19 September 2018. Bandar Baru Bangi.Selangor. Organized by Faculty of Islamic Civilisation Studies. International Islamic University College Selangor, Malaysia. (September): 893–902.

Hafiza Haron., Supyan Hussin., Ahmad Rizal Mohd Yusof., & Hafidzan Yusof. (2019). MOOC initiative: A technology enhanced learning in 21 century at higher learning institution. Journal of Information System and Technology Management, 4(14), 26-33.

Hossain, Mohammad S., Md. Shofiqul Islam, Joanne V Glinsky. (2015). A Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Can Be Used To Teach Physiotherapy Students About Spinal Cord Injuries: A Randomised Trial. Journal of Physiotherapy, 61(1), 21-27

Hazwani Mohd Najib., Noor Raudhiah Abu Bakar., & Norziah Othman. (2016). E pembelajaran dalam kalangan pelajar di institusi pengajian tinggi. Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference on Management & Muamalah 2016 (3rd ICoMM).

Hudiya Adzhar., Fariza Khalid., & Aidah Abdul Karim. (2017). Penggunaan massive open online course (MOOC) sebagai kaedah pembelajaran baharu. Dalam Rohaila Mohamed Rosly, Nabila Atika Razali, & Nur Atikah Jamilluddin. (Eds.), Pembelajaran abad ke-21: Trend integrasi teknologi (pp. 179-188). Bangi: Fakulti Pendidikan UKM.

Idris, S., Nayan, N., Suhaily, M., Che, Y., Hashim, M., Saleh, Y. & Shafiee, M. A. 2014. Pemetaan tahap ketersampaian wi-fi di Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak. Geografi 2(2): 39–51.

Jones, K. H, Womble, M. & Searcy, C. A. (1996). T & I education students`s perceptions of courses. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 34(2), 82–101.

Kopp, M., & Ebner, M. 2017. Certification of MOOCs – Advantages, challenges and practical experiences. Revista Espanola de Pedagogia, 75(266), 83-100.

Kursus dalam talian di Malaysia jadi pilihan. (2017, September 26). Berita Harian. Diperoleh dari
https//:www.bharian.com.my.

Liu, G. Y., & Li, R. L. (2020). Suggestions and thoughts on improving the teaching ability of teachers in higher vocational colleges under the background of MOOC. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1453, 1-6.

Marshal, S. (2014). Exploring the Ethical Implications of MOOCs. Journal Distance Education, 35(2), 250-262.

Jabatan Pendidikan Tinggi. (2016). Garis Panduan Mata Pelajaran Pengajian Umum (MPU) Edisi Kedua dari
http://jpt.moe.gov.my/

Mohd Erfy Ismail., Suhaizal Hashim., Irwan Mahazir Ismail., Affero Ismail., Khairul Azhar Mat Daud., & Moh. Khairudin. (2018). The use of massive open online course (MOOC) among vocational students. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 3(1), 30-41.

Motzo, A., & Proudfoot, A. (2017). MOOCs for language learning: Opportunities and challenges: The case of the open university Italian beginners’ MOOCs. In Q. Kan, & S. Bax (Eds.), Beyond the language classroom: Researching MOOCs and other innovations (pp. 85-97).

Muhammad Sukri Saud, Mohd Anuar Abdul Rahman, & Ting, K. S. (2007). Kajian mengenai penggunaan e-pembelajaran. Prosiding 1st International Malaysia Educational Technology Convention. Anjuran Malaysian Educational Technology Association (META) dengan kerjasama Fakulti Pendidikan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Norazah Mohd Nordin., & Ngau, C. H. (2009). Pembangunan dan penilaian bahan pengajaran dan pembelajaran berasaskan web: Webquest bagi mata pelajaran ICT. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 34(1), 111-129

Norazah Nordin., & Helmi Norman. (2018). Cross-culture learning via massive open online courses for higher education. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 43(1), 35–39.

Nurul Ain Azmi., & Razzatul Iza Zurita Rasalli. (2018, Mei). Kesediaan penggunaan massive open online course (MOOC) dalam kalangan pelajar Sijil Pengoperasian Perniagaan, Kolej Komuniti Ledang. International Prosiding Conference on Global Education VI (ICGE VI). Pulau Pinang.

Olivé, D. M., Huynh, D. Q., Reynolds, M., Dougiamas, M., & Wiese, D. 2019. A supervised learning framework: Using assessment to identify students at risk of dropping out of a MOOC. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 32, 9-26.

Ramirez, M. S., Rivera, N., & Garcia, A. (2014, November). In ICERI 2014 Proceedings: Mooc learning: Challenges and opportunities of using team teaching. Spain: IATED.

Ros Aiza Mohd Mokhtar, Abd Hakim Mohad, Mashitah Sulaiman, & Latifah Abdul Latiff. (2019). Blended learning dalam kursus TITAS: Kajian terhadap penggunaan TITAS MOOCs dalam kalangan pelajar UMS. Jurnal Sains Insani, 4(1), 54-60.

Sari, A. R., Bonk, C. J., & Zhu, M. (2019). MOOC instructor designs and challenges: What can be learned from existing MOOCs in Indonesia and Malaysia? Asia Pacific Education Review, 21, 143-166.

Spector, J. M. (2012). Foundations of educational technology. New York, NY: Routledge.

Swigart, V., & Zhan, L. (2016). Digital resources for nursing education: Open courseware and massive open online courses. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 3(3), 307-313.

Siti Fatimah Md Azali & Siti Hasmiza Hassan. (2018). Kajian Penerimaan Pelajar Terhadap Kaedah Massive Open Online Course ( Mooc ) Sebagai Medium Pembelajaran Di Politeknik Sultan Abdul Halim. Journal of Technical and Vocational Education, 1, 73–86.

Wan Noor Hazlina Wan Jusoh., & Kamaruzaman Jusoff. (2009). Using multimedia in teaching Islamic studies. Journal Media and Communication Studies, 1(5), 86–94.
Published
2020-06-06
How to Cite
Zulkifli, N., Hamzah, M. I., & Abdul Razak, K. (2020). Isu dan cabaran penggunaan MOOC dalam proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Journal of Research, Policy & Practice of Teachers and Teacher Education, 10(1), 77-94. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JRPPTTE/article/view/3474