Preschool teachers’ peer leadership readiness in mobilizing fun innovative inquiry in the New Horizon
The main purpose was to assess preschool teachers’ peer leadership readiness in mobilizing ‘Fly with virtual Peer-Led Fun Innovative Inquiry’ (Fly with v-PeLFII) whilst validating the effectiveness of ‘Fly with virtual Peer-Led Fun Innovative Inquiry Model’ (Fly with v-PeLFII Model). The 3-point likert scale survey instrument which consists of seven constructs were gathered from 35 preschool teachers who attended the ‘Fly with v-PeLFII 21’ virtual workshop. Comparative analysis of Pre-Test and Post-Test of ‘Fly with v-PeLFII Model’ and descriptive statistics were utilized to analyze the data. The increased percentage from Pre-Test to Post-Test within the range of 57.14 percent to 71.43 percent revealed that 35 preschool teachers from Perak are ready to lead their peer teachers in mobilizing fun innovative inquiry in the new horizon. The result also portrayed that the newly developed ‘Fly with v-PeLFII Model’ was an effective online fun innovative inquiry approach to enhance Malaysian preschool teachers’ peer leadership competency in mobilizing the ‘Fly with v-PeLFII Model’, as well as transforming new ways of delivering interesting and enjoyable instructions in the new horizon. It was also revealed that the combination of various fun innovative inquiry led to various enjoyable hands-on learning activities via virtual and non-virtual interaction platforms. ‘Fly with v-PeLFII Model’ is also subjected for further validation and assessment locally and globally.
Alig-Mielcarek J. M. (2003). A Model of school success: instructional leadership, academic press and student achievement. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, US. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/2300031/A_model_of_school_success_Instructional_leadership_academic_press_and_student_achievement
Amabile, T.M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J., & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 1154-1184.
Anderson, N., Potočnik, K., & Zhou, J. (2014). Innovation and creativity in organizations: A state-of-the-science review, prospective commentary, and guiding framework. Journal of Management, 40(5), 1297–1333. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206314527128.
Andrew, B. & Terry, C. (2014) Mobilizing leadership in cities and regions. Regional Studies. Regional Science, 1(1), 5-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2013.869428.
Andrews, G. D. (2019). Benefits of online teaching for face-to-face teaching at historically black colleges and universities. Online Learning, 23(1), 144-16. https://doi.org/10.25089/MERI/2017/v11/i1/164012.
Batey, M. (2012). The measurement of creativity: From definitional consensus to the introduction of a new heuristic framework. Creativity Research Journal, 24(1), 55 – 56. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2012.649181.
Bonk, C. J., Wisher, R. A. & Nigrelli, M. L. (2004). Learning communities, communities of practice: Principles, technologies, and examples. In K. Littleton, D. Miell and D. Faulkner (Eds.), Learning to Collaborate, Collaborating to Learn (pp. 199–219). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
Boyd, H.W., Westfall, R. & Stasch, S.F. (1977). Marketing research: Text and cases. (4th ed.). Homewood, Illinois: Richard D. Irwin, Inc.
Chen, J. & Hu, J. (2018). Enhancing L2 learners’ critical thinking skills through a connectivism-based intelligent learning system. International of English Linguistic, 8(6), 12-21.
Chmelárová, Z. & Čonková, A., (2021). Project based learning from the point of view of economics students. TEM Journal 10(2), 832-838.
Chokchai, O. & Pupat, P. (2018). A Student’s Scientific Mind: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 15(2), 1-31. doi:10.32890/mjli2018.15.2.1
Cooperrider, D.L., & Whitney, D. (2001). A positive revolution in change: Appreciative inquiry. In R. T. Golembiewski (Ed.), Handbook of organizational behavior (2nd ed., pp. 611-629). New York: Marcel Dekker.
Cowan, D. A. (2010). Embedded spirituality as a leadership foundation for sustainable innovative learning. ReVision 30(3&4): 89-97. https://doi.org/10.4298/REVN.220.127.116.11-97.
Crawford, C. B. (2009). Leadership and Innovation: Champions and Techies as Agents of Influences. Paper Presented to the Association of Leadership Educators 2001 Conference Review Committee, 1-18. Retrieved from
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Creswell, J.W. (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., Ferguson, M., & Hann, L. (2002). Developing teacher leaders: How teacher leadership enhances school success. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Deivam, M. (2016). Effectiveness of information and communication technology of B.Ed. trainees’ achievement in educational psychology. An International Indexed, Refereed & Peer Reviewed Bi-Annual Journal in Education, 3(2), 184-186.
Dobni, C.B. (2008). Measuring innovation culture in organizations: the development of a generalized innovation culture construct using exploratory factor analysis. European Journal of Innovation Management 11(4), 539–559.
Drosos, D., Kyriakopoulos, G. L., Gkika, E. C., Komisopoulos, F., Skordoulis, M., & Ntanos, S. (2021). Managing change and managerial innovation towards employees satisfaction at workplace. TEM Journal 10 (2), 597-606.
Fanny, K. C. Y. & Mansor, M. (2019). The Influence of self-directed professional learning in enhancing leadership competency: A concept paper. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 9(2), 795-803. http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v9-i2/5616.
Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2, 87−105.
Grazer, B. & Fishman, C. (2015). A curious mind. The secret to a bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster Publication.
Gerekli, I., Celik, T. Z., & Bozkurt, I. (2021). Industry 4.0 and smart production. TEM Journal 10 (2), 799-805.
Ghouri, A. M., Mani, V., Jiao, Z., Venkatesh, V. G., Shi, Y., & Kamble, S. S. (2021). An empirical study of real-time information-receiving using industry 4.0 technologies in downstream operations. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 165, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120551.
Hj Abdullah, E., Lebar, O., & Abd. Shukor, A. (2018). The effects of Performance-based Assessment to Enhance Teaching and Learning Science (ForPS) Model on science process skills and science concepts understanding of secondary students in Kinta District of Perak. Journal of Research, Policy & Practice of Teachers and Teacher Education, 2(2), 24-34.
Ho, S. P., Wu, P. C., & Hsu, Y. (2006). Knowledge sharing model and its implication on knowledge categorization and management. ISARC, 751-756.
Horth, D.M. & Vehar, J. (2014). Becoming a leader who fosters innovation. Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership.
Jaya, S., Zaharudin, R., Hashim, S.N.A., Ithnin, M.A., Zaid, S.M., Mapjabil, J., & Nordin, M. N. (2021). Employing Design and Development Research (DDR) Approach in Designing Next Generation Learning Spaces (NGLS) in Teachers’ Pedagogy and Technology Tools. Review of International Geographical Education Online (RIGEO), 11(7), 1237-1246. https://doi.org/10.48047/rigeo.11.07.116.
Jaya, S., Zaharudin, R. & Beram, S. (2021). Leading teachers’ towards the needs of pedagogical and technological skills acquisition in the next generation learning spaces. Management Research Journal, 10 (Special Issue), 1-11.
Kho, F.C.Y. (2020). Teachers who lead. Tanjong Malim, Perak: Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.
Knight, J. (2004). Instructional coaches make progress through partnership. Journal of Staff Development, 25(2), 32-37.
Mat-jizat, J. E. (2013). Developing an ICT-Literacy Task-Based Assessment Instrument: The Findings on the Final Testing Phase. International Association for Development of the Information Society. IADIS International Conference e-Learning 2013. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED562271.pdf
Mat-jizat, J. E., Jaafar, H., & Yahaya, R. (2017). Measuring the effectiveness of augmented reality as a pedagogical strategy in enhancing student learning and motivation. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(1), 225-240.
McLean, S., Attardi, S., Faden, L., & Goldszmidt, M. (2016). Flipped classrooms and student learning: not just surface gains. Advances in Physiology Education, 40(1), 47-55. https://journals.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/advan.00098.2015
McLaughlin, K.A., Sheridan, M.A., Humphreys, K.L., Belsky, J., & Ellis, B. J. (2021). The value of dimensional models of early experience: Thinking clearly about concepts and categories. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1–10.
Mehtaa, M., Chandanib, A., & Neerajac, B. (2014). Creativity and innovation: Assurance for growth. Procedia Economics and Finance 11, 804 – 811.
Monette, D.R., Sullivan, T.J. & DeJong, C.R. (2002). Applied social research. Orlando, FLA: Harcourt Press.
Neuman, W.L. (1997). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Ogunkola, B. J. (2013). Scientific literacy: Conceptual overview, importance and strategies for improvement. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 3(1), 9. doi: 10.5901
Piaget, J. (1973). To understand is to invent: The future of education. NY: Grossman Publishers.
Retnawati, H., Djidu, H., Apino, E., Kartianom, K., & Anazifa, R.D., (2018). Teachers’ knowledge about higher-order thinking skills and its learning strategy. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 75 (2), 215-230.
Rudenko, Y, Naboka, O., Korolova, L., Kozhukhova, L., Kazakevych, O. & Semenikhina, O. (2021). Online learning with the eyes of teachers and students in educational institutions of Ukraine. TEM Journal, 10 (2), 922-931.
Sabitha, M. (2005). Kaedah penyelidikan sains sosial. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Sailin, S.N. & Mahmor, N.A. (2018). Improving student teachers’ digital pedagogy through meaningful learning activities. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 15(2), 143-173.
Suraji, S., Ahmad, A. R., Awang, M. M., Mamat, N., & Seman, A. A. (2018). Fun learning approaches in enhancing patriotism values among preschool. International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences, 8(8), 152 - 158.
Thamrin, N. R., & Margana, P.W. (2019). Developing higher order thinking skills (HOTS) for reading comprehension enhancement. Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1179, 1-6.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Yen, T. S., & Halili, S. H. (2015). Effective teaching of higher-order thinking (HOT) in Education. The Online Journal of Distance Education and eLearning, 2(3), 41-47.
Yuet, F.K.C., Yusof, H. & Syed Mohamad, S. I. (2016). Development and validation of the teacher leadership competency scale. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 13(2), 43-69.
Zatalman, G. & Burger, P.C. (1975). Marketing research-fundamentals and dynamics. Hinsdale, IL: The Dryden Press.
Copyright (c) 2021 Fanny Kho Chee Yuet, Khayri Zaid, Pupung Puspa Ardini, Kumaran Gengatharan, Yip Chan Ling
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.