Elements of Music That Potentially Enhance the Exercise Performance and Motivation for Sedentary People

  • Adi Wira Mohd Zin Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7106-582X
  • Nelfianty Mohd Rasyid Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Music Elements, Exercise, Ergogenic Aids, Performance, Motivation, Sedentary


Music in this day has become one of the important ergogenic aids for athletes and sedentary people when performing exercise and sports competition where the athletes compete in. It is believed that music helps to improve both physically and psychologically to listeners to perform better in sports. The increasing trend in using the music as an ergogenic aid while doing exercise is the result of the existing products such as portable MP3 players, smartphones and smartwatches, that can store thousands of music, and not forgetting the ergonomic design of wireless headphones and earphones that make the users feel so comfortable when wearing it. This study will extract from the previous literatures and its outcomes to gain the elements of music that affecting the exercise performance and motivation the most. Four elements of music that potentially can improve exercise performance and motivation to sedentary people will be studied at: music tempo, music type, music preference, and music intensity (volume). However, there are also several studies that the music does not enhance exercise performance and motivation, especially to the athletes. The outcome from this study will be beneficial to sedentary people when using music during exercise, providing them better performance and also the motivation. The separation of study between athletes and sedentary people when determining whether the music has the effect on performance and motivation are required because athletes might have other ergogenic aids when it comes to performance and motivation other than music such as systematic training programs, scheduled food or supplements consumption, the usage of new technologies, and others.


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Author Biography

Adi Wira Mohd Zin, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA

Faculty of Business and Finance, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Barat, 31900 Kampar, Perak, MALAYSIA


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How to Cite
Mohd Zin, A. W., & Mohd Rasyid, N. (2021). Elements of Music That Potentially Enhance the Exercise Performance and Motivation for Sedentary People. Jurnal Sains Sukan & Pendidikan Jasmani, 10(2), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsspj.vol10.2.9.2021