Aktiviti sokongan bagi perkembangan bahasa dan komunikasi kanak-kanak

Support activities for development of child language and communication

  • Zainiah Mohamed Isa Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mazlina Che Mustafa Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Iylia Dayana Shamsudin Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Juppri Bacotang Pusat Penyelidikan Perkembangan Kanak-kanak Negara, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Grace Annammal Gnana Piragasam Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: aktiviti sokongan, bahasa dan komunikasi, awal kanak-kanak, support activities, language and communication, early childhood

Abstract

Penguasaan yang lemah dalam kemahiran bahasa dan komunikasi akan menjejaskan kemahiran literasi awal, dan seterusnya kemahiran membaca dan menulis kanak-kanak. Justeru, artikel ini menjelaskan beberapa aktiviti sokongan bagi perkembangan bahasa dan komunikasi kanak-kanak yang boleh dijalankan oleh guru. Antara aktiviti yang dapat menyokong pencapaian bahasa dan komunikasi kanak-kanak, ialah; (i) interaksi dan perbualan; (ii) bermain; (iii) menyanyi dan bahasa berima; (iv) membaca buku; dan (v) bercakap di khalayak. Aktiviti-aktiviti ini perlu dijalankan terhadap kanak-kanak secara implisit dan eksplisit oleh guru sama ada di dalam atau di luar kelas. Guru memainkan peranan penting bagi menyediakan aktiviti, suasana, persekitaran, dan bimbingan serta sokongan bagi menjamin kanak-kanak dapat mencapai potensi diri masing-masing.

Poor mastery of language and communication skills will affect early literacy skills, and subsequently children’s reading and writing skills in future. Thus, this article explain support activities for children's language and communication development that can be carried out by teachers. Activities that can support children's language and communication achievement, namely; (i) interaction and conversation; (ii) playing; (iii) singing and rhyming; (iv) reading books; and (v) speaking in public. This activities is done implicitly and explicitly to children by teachers either in or outside of classroom. Teachers play an important role in providing activities, atmosphere, environment, guidance and support to ensure that children can achieve their potential.

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Published
2021-05-19
How to Cite
Mohamed Isa, Z., Che Mustafa, M., Shamsudin, I. D., Bacotang, J., & Gnana Piragasam, G. A. (2021). Aktiviti sokongan bagi perkembangan bahasa dan komunikasi kanak-kanak. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 10(2), 27-34. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol10.2.3.2021