Evaluation of Bagworm, Metisa plana (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) Infestation and Beneficial Parasitoid in an Oil Palm Plantation, Perak, Malaysia
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) planting is one of the economic pillars of countries rich in biodiversity in tropical regions. However, pest and disease are the most serious limitation of oil palm production. Bagworm, Metisa plana (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) is considered the most destructive pest in the oil palm plantation in Malaysia, which could cause high yield losses up to 43% over two years after a serious infestation and become a primary concern among stakeholders. Conventional excessive use of pesticides causes serious environmental pollutions and damage to non-target organisms. Thus, biological control can be reduced the pest populations safely and efficiently by beneficial insects such as parasitoids. This study aims to (i) evaluate the bagworm infestation in an oil palm plantation, Perak, Malaysia; (ii) determine the impact and damage of the bagworm stages on the oil palm plantation, and (iii) evaluate the parasitoid in such areas. A total of 57 palm trees have been systematically selected. Bagworm and parasitoid samples were collected in two stages at Felda Gunung Besout 2, Perak, Malaysia. Bagworm infestation severity was performed based on the severity scale of bagworm damage symptoms. The results showed that the incidence rates of oil palm trees are concerned 50.9%, 31.6%, 4%, 3.5% were low, moderate, high, and no incidence, respectively. Bagworm stages 1, 5, 6, and 7 are significantly impacted on the oil palm incidences and stage seven is the most impacted one; followed by stages 1, 6 and 5. Several parasitoids have been found; the highest one is Eulophidae: Tetrastichus s planipennisi.
Ahmad, S. N., Masri, M. M. M., & Kamarudin, N. (2020). Assessment on Voracity and Predation by Predator, Sycanus dichotomus STAL.(Hemiptera: Reduviidae) to oil palm bagworm, Pteroma pendula. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 32(3), 480-487.
Al-Obaidi, J., Saidi, N., Usuldin, S., Rahmad, N., Zean, N., & Idris, A. (2016). Differential Proteomic Study of Oil Palm Leaves in Response to in Vitro Inoculation with Pathogenic and Non-Pathogenic Ganoderma spp. Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(2), 235-244. Retrieved December 8, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/44280442
Ayasse, M., Paxton, R. J., & Tengö, J. (2001). Mating behavior and chemical communication in the order Hymenoptera. Annual review of entomology, 46(1), 31-78.
Aziz, N., Omar, W., Kassim, R., & Kamarudin, N. (2012). Remote Sensing Measurement for Detection of Bagworm Infestation in Oil Palm Plantation. MPOB Information sereies 589-597.
Barcelos E, Rios SA, Cunha RNV, Lopes R, Motoike SY, Babiychuk E, Skirycz A and Kushnir S (2015) Oil palm natural diversity and the potential for yield improvement. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6:190. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00190
Carrasco, L. R., Mumford, J. D., MacLeod, A., Harwood, T., Grabenweger, G., Leach, A. W., Baker, R. H. A. (2010). Unveiling human-assisted dispersal mechanisms in invasive alien insects: Integration of spatial stochastic simulation and phenology models. Ecological Modelling, 221(17), 2068-2075. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.05.012
de Oliveira, C. M. d., Oliveira, J. V. d., Barbosa, D. R. e. S., Breda, M. O., França, S. M. d., & Duarte, B. L. R. (2017). Biological parameters and thermal requirements of Trichogramma pretiosum for the management of the tomato fruit borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in tomatoes. Crop Protection, 99, 39-44. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.04.005
Firake, D. M., Behere, G. T., Arnscheid, W. R., Kumar, R., & Ngachan, S. V. (2018). First report of coconut case caterpillar, Mahasena corbetti Tams (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) from India. Phytoparasitica, 46(3), 355-364. doi:10.1007/s12600-018-0673-7
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (Vol. 6): Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River.
Halim, M., Muhaimin, A. D., & Masri, M. M. (2018). Evaluation of infestation in parasitoids on Metisa plana Walker (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in three oil palm plantations in Peninsular Malaysia. Serangga, 22(2), 135-149.
Hanysyam, M., Fauziah, I., Siti Khairiyah, M. H., Fairuz, K., Mohd Rasdi, Z., Nurul Zfarina, M. Z., & Norazliza, R. (2013). Assessment on the Diversity of Parasitoids of Bagworms (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in FELDA Gunung Besout 6, Sungkai, Perak. In IEEE Symposium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research (SHUSER).
Hisham, N. B. (2012). Study of Duration Larvae Stage Bagworm (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) on Michelia champaca Trees In Ex-situ and In-Situ Rearing and Its Species Identification (Doctoral dissertation, Thesis B. Sc Honours (Plant Resource Science and Management). Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, University Malaysia, Sarawak. 14p).
Jamian, S., Norhisham, A., Ghazali, A., Zakaria, A., & Azhar, B. (2017). Impacts of 2 species of predatory Reduviidae on bagworms in oil palm plantations. Insect science, 24(2), 285-294.
Kalidas, P. (2012). Pest Problems of Oil Palm and Management Strategies for Sustainability. Agrotechnology, S11. doi:doi:10.4172/2168-9881.S11-002
Kamarudin, N., & Wahid, M. B. (2010). Interactions of the bagworm, Pteroma pendula (Lepidoptera: Psychidae), and its natural enemies in an oil palm plantation in Perak. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 22(April), 758-764.
Kamarudin, N. H., Wahid, M. B., & Masijan, Z. (1998). Handbook of common parasitoids and predators associated with bagworms and nettle caterpillars in oil palm plantations. Kuala Lumpur: PORIM.
Loong, C., & Chong, T. (2012). Understanding pest biology and behaviour for effective control of oil palm bagworms. Planter, 88(1039), 699-715.
Mahadi, N. A., & Muhamad, R. (2012). Relationship between bagworm Pteroma pendula Joannis (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) populations, parasitoids, and weather parameters in oil palm plantation. Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(12), 13.
Marcelino, J. P., & Diaz, E. V. (2010). Effect of frond pruning on the growth and yield of oil palm. Philippine Journal of Crop Science (Philippines), 8(1),29.
Margni, M., Rossier, D., Crettaz, P., & Jolliet, O. (2002). Life cycle impact assessment of pesticides on human health and ecosystems. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 93(1), 379-392. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00336-X
Martin Lindauer. (2019). Hymenopteran. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/animal/hymenopteran.
Muñoz, P. T., Torres, F. P., & Megías, A. G. (2015). Effects of roads on insects: a review. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24(3), 659-682. doi:10.1007/s10531-014-0831-2
Norman, K., & Othman, A. (2016). Diversity and activity of insect natural enemies of the bagworm (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) within an oil palm plantation in Perak, Malaysia. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 28(3), 296-307.
Rhainds, M., & Sadof, C. (2009). Control of bagworms (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) using contact and soil-applied systemic insecticides. Journal of economic entomology, 102(3), 1164-1169.
Rizali, A., Karindah, S., Himawan, T., Meiadi, M. L. T., Rahardjo, B. T., & Sahari, B. (2019). Parasitoid wasp communities on oil palm plantation: Effects of natural habitat existence are obscured by lepidopteran abundance. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 22(3), 903-907.
Samedani, B., Shukor Juraimi, A., Sheikh Abdullah, S. A., Rafii, M. Y., Abdul Rahim, A., & Anwar, M. P. (2014). Effect of Cover Crops on Weed Community and Oil Palm Yield. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 16(1), 23–31.
Sulai, P., Nurhidayu, S., Aziz, N., Zakaria, M., Barclay, H., & Azhar, B. (2015). Effects of water quality in oil palm production landscapes on tropical waterbirds in Peninsular Malaysia. Ecological Research, 30(5), 941-949. doi:10.1007/s11284-015-1297-8
Verheye, W. (2010). Growth and production of oil palm. In W. H. Verheye (Ed.), Land use, land cover and soil sciences. Oxford, UK: UNESCO-EOLSS Publishers.
Yeoh, C. B., Bustamam, F. K. A., Sulaiman, N., SASHA, N., KHAIRUDDIN, K., TAY, M. G., & SAW, M. H. (2019). Development of Analytical Method for Determination of Thiosultap-Disodium Residue in Palm Oil Matrix. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 31(4), 634-640.
Zhang, J., Li, D., & Wang, Y. (2020). Predicting uniaxial compressive strength of oil palm shell concrete using a hybrid artificial intelligence model. Journal of Building Engineering, 30, 101282.
Zhou, H., Yu, Y., Tan, X., Chen, A., & Feng, J. (2014). Biological control of insect pests in apple orchards in China. Biological Control, 68, 47-56.
Copyright (c) 2021 UPSI Press, Malaysia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.