Raman, FTIR, UV-Visible and FESEM Studies on Calix[8]arene Embedded Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites using Spin Coating Technique

  • Amira Shakila Razali Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Faridah Lisa Supian Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Abdullah F. Al Naim Department of Physics, College of Science, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 400, Al-Ahsa 31982, SAUDI ARABIA
  • Shahrul Kadri Ayop Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
  • Noor Azyyati Azahari Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, MALAYSIA
Keywords: Calix[8]arene, Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), Nanocomposites, Raman, FESEM, UV-Visible

Abstract

In this research, the preparation and characterization of the organic compound calix[8]arene (TBC8) are embedded with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) using spin coating technique. The nanocomposites were prepared layer by layer, where TBC8 was dissolved in chloroform solution (0.2 mg/mL), followed by the additional layer of MWCNTs in the upper nanocomposites. We have explored the effects of TBC8 being modified with MWCNTs by Raman, where the crystallinities of the nanocomposites were observed. By Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis, the nanocomposites' characteristic patterns have been detected. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy defines the fingerprints and the shifting of the nanocomposites while Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) determines the structural morphology. The TBC8 attached to the MWCNTs has a future potential application for the development of the sensor in pollutant monitoring nano-electronics devices.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agustiono, K.T., Chan, G.Y.S., Lo, W.H. & Babel, S. 2006. Comparison of low-cost adsorbents for treating wastewater with heavy metal - A Review. Science Total Environment, 366, 409-426

Akkus, G.U., Memon, S., Sezgin, M., & Yilmaz, M. 2003. A versatile approach toward calix (aza) crown oligomers: Synthesis and metal ion extraction. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A, 40(2), 95.

Arun P.P., Singying Y. & Shen M.C. 2011. Preparation and Characterization of Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticle-Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Composite for the Development of Biosensor. Talanta, 87, 15-23.

Çapan, R., Özbek, Z., Göktaş, H., Şen, S., İnce, F. G., Özel, M.E. & Davis, F. 2010. Characterization of Langmuir–Blodgett films of a calix [8] arene and sensing properties towards volatile organic vapors. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 148(2), 358-365.

Clevenger, T.E. 1990. Use of sequential extraction to evaluate the heavy metals in mining wastes. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 50(3-4), 241-254.

Deligz, H., & Memon, S. 2011. Overview on Metal Cations Extraction by Azocalixarenes. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, 12(1 & 2), 24.

Dharamvir, K., Jeet, K., Du, C.S., Pan, N., & Jindal, V.K. 2010. Structural modifications of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by swift heavy ions irradiation. International Journal of Nano Research, 10, 1-9.

Lim, D.C.K., Supian, F.L. & Hamzah, Y., 2020. Langmuir, Raman, and electrical properties comparison of Calixarene and calixarene-rGO using Langmuir Blodgett (LB) technique. Journal of Materials Science, 31, 18487–18494

Gao, M., Li, L., Qiu, J., Zhang, X., He, X., Lv, S., Ma, X., & Li, G. 2017, Nanocomposites of Carbon Nanotube/Polyaniline with Pending Calix[8]Arene and their External Stimuli Response Properties. Materials Science Forum, 898, 2286-2293.

Gutsche, C.D., (Ed.), 1989. Calixarenes in Monographs in Supramolecular Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry 127.

Hussain, S., Jha, P., Chouksey, A., Raman, R., Islam, S.S., Islam, T., & Choudhary, P. K. 2011. Spectroscopic investigation of modified single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT). Journal of Modern Physics, 2(06), 538-543.

Li Y.H., Zhu Y.Q., Zhoa Y.M., Wu D.H. & Luan Z.K. 2006. Matter. Diamond Relative. 15, 90.

Ling, I., Alias, Y., Makha, M., & Raston, C. L. 2009. Water solubilization of single-walled carbon nanotubes using p-sulfonatocalix [4] arene. New Journal of Chemistry, 33(7), 1583-1587.

Makayonke M.T. 2011.The Use of Carbon Nanotubes Co-Polymerized with Calixarenes for the Removal of Cadmium and Organic Contaminants from Water. Masters Theses, University of Johannesburg

Mamba, G., Mbianda, X.Y., Govender, P.P., Mamba, B.B., & Krause, R.W. 2010. Polymers in the Removal of Heavy Metals from Water. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(11), 940-949.

Mohd Azmi, M.S., Noorizhab, M.F.F., Supian, F.L., Malik, S.A. 2020, A Review of Calixarene Langmuir–Blodgett Thin Film Characteristics for Nanosensor Applications. Defence S and T Technical Bulletin,13, 205-216

Sarkar, T., Srinives,S., Rodriquez,A., & Mulchandani, A., 2018. Single-walled Carbon Nanotube-Calixarene Based Chemiresistor for Volatile Organic Compounds. Electroanalysis, 30, 2077 – 2084

Singh, D.K., Iyer, P.K., & Giri, P.K. 2009. Optical signature of structural defects in single walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 9(9), 5396-5401.

Stafiej, A., & Pyrzynska, K. 2007. Adsorption of heavy metal ions with carbon nanotubes. Separation and Purification Technology, 58(1), 49-52.

Supian, F.L., Richardson, T.H., Deasy, M., Kelleher, F., Ward, J.P., & McKee, V. 2010. A surface potential study of ion-uptake by 5, 11, 17, 23-tetra-tert-butyl-25, 27-diethoxycarbonyl methyleneoxy-26, 28, dihydroxycalix [4] arene and 5, 17-(3-nitrobenzylideneamino)-11, 23-di-tert-butyl-25, 27-diethoxycarbonyl methyleneoxy-26, 28-dihydroxycalix [4] arene Langmuir Blodgett (LB) monolayers. Sains Malaysiana, 39(3), 423-433.

Uysal, G., Memon, S. & Yilmaz, M. 2002. Polycyclic Aromat. Compound. 221075

Van Leeuwen, F. W., Beijleveld, H., Kooijman, H., Spek, A. L., Verboom, W., & Reinhoudt, D.N. 2002. Cation control on the synthesis of pt-butylthiacalix [4](bis) crown ethers. Tetrahedron letters, 43(52), 9675-9678.

Published
2021-05-27
How to Cite
Razali, A. S., Supian, F. L., Al Naim, A. F., Ayop, S. K., & Azahari, N. A. (2021). Raman, FTIR, UV-Visible and FESEM Studies on Calix[8]arene Embedded Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites using Spin Coating Technique. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 9(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.37134/jsml.vol9.2.1.2021