Kos Ketidakberadaan Guru Dalam Bilik Darjah: Kajian Kes di Daerah Muallim, Perak

Cost of teachers’ absenteeism in the classroom: A case study in Muallim District, Perak

  • Ramlee Ismail Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Siti Anis Abdul Rahman Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Marinah Awang Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Keywords: cost of absenteeism, instructional, human capital model

Abstract

Ketidakberadaan guru di dalam bilik darjah memberi kesan kepada proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Kesan langsung ialah kerugian kepada pelajar kerana masa instruksional yang hilang. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk menganggarkan kos output yang hilang atau kerugian kepada murid akibat daripada ketidakberadaan guru dalam bilik darjah. Pendekatan kajian ialah kajian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan reka bentuk tinjauan. Seramai 313 orang guru sekolah rendah dan menengah di daerah Muallim, Perak telah terpilih sebagai sampel kajian. Borang soal selidik telah digunakan untuk mengutip data bagi kajian ini. Dalam kajian ini, Model Modal Insan digunakan sebagai asas dalam menganggarkan kos output yang hilang kesan ketidakberadaan guru di dalam bilik darjah.Dapatan kajian menunjukkan jumlah hari guru tiada dalam bilik darjah ialah 7830 hari di mana kerugian setahun dianggarkan sebanyak RM911,285.60 bagi sekolah rendah dan RM852,915.94 bagi sekolah menengah dalam tempoh setahun. Anggaran keseluruhan kerugian hasil pembelajaran dalam bentuk wang bagi 313 orang guru adalah sebanyak RM1,764,201.54. Implikasinya, kerugian ini boleh dikurangkan jika amalan melindungi masa instruksional dilaksanakan dengan berkesan.

Teachers’ absenteeism in a classroom could influence teaching and learning process. A direct impact on students was losing instructional time. This study estimated losing output or knowledge among students due to the teachers’ absenteeism. This study deployed a quantitative approach with a survey research design. A sample consisted of 313 primary and secondary school from Muallim District, Perak. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires. Human Capital Model was used as a basic model to calculate a losing output due to the teachers’ absenteeism in their classroom. The results showed thatthe total days of teachers who were absent from classes were 7830 days,with a total loss accumulated from MYR911,285.60 and MYR852,915.94 for primary and secondary school, respectively. A total loss of learning output in monetary was about MYR1,764,201.54 for 313 teachers in a year.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

American Samoa Department of Education. (2012). Department of Education enrolment reports: 2010/2011. Retrieved from
http://www.PowerSchool.as/

Arlinda Montiel. (2017). A Study on The Practice of Redeeming A SubstituteTeacher Certificate At A Border College In South Texas. Published by ProQuest LLC. Texas A&M University-Kingsville.

Bahtiar Sanusi & Ahmad Zamri Md Isa. (2013). Amalan Melindungi Masa Instruksional di Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Abdul Rahman Talib, Kuantan, Pahang. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Brown, S. L., & Arnell, A. T. (2012). Measuring the effect teacher absenteeism has on student achievement at an ‘urban but not toourban’ Title I elementaryschool. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(17).

Buletin Anjakan Bil.5/2015. Buletin Transformasi Pendidikan Malaysia. Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Cheng, A. (2013). Taking attendance: teacher absenteeism across school types (EDRE Working Paper No. 2013-09). Retrieved from
http://www.uaedreform.org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/08/ChengEDRE-WP-2013-09.pdf.

Dana, L. B. (2014). Relationship among job satisfaction and professional efficacy, student and school performance, and teacher absenteeism. Dissertation. University of Southern Mississippi. Retrieved from
http://www.aquila.usm.edu/

Damle, R. (2009). Investingating the impact of substitute teachers on student achievement: A review of literature. Retrieved from
http://www.rda.asps.edu/

Duflo, E., Hanna, R., & Ryan, S. P. (2012). Incentiveswork: Getting teachers to come to school. The American Economic Review, (4). 1241.

Emiza Alias.(2017). Kajian Kes Tahap Keberkesanan Bahan Kelas Tanpa Guru (KTG) dalam Melindungi Masa Instruksional (MMI) di Zon Keramat, Kuala Lumpur. Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak.

Eric A. H. & Elizabeth.E.(2017). Defining Productivity in Education: Issues and Illustrations. The American Economist, Vol. 62(2) 165–183

Fahad Alrukaibi, Naser Alotaibi & Mohammad Almutairi.(2015). Methodology for Calculation The Traffic Accidents Costs. Proceedings of 10th ISERD International Conference, Dubai, UAE.

Fa’aletino.S.R. (2016). Use of Educational Group Dynamic Activity to Address Teacher Attitudes Relating To Teacher Absenteeism At An American Samoa School. Disertation publised Proquest. Capella University.

Gettinger, M., & Seibert, J. K. (2002). Best practices in increasing academic learning time. Best practices in school psychology IV, 1, 773-787

Gershenson, S. (2012). How do substitutet eachers substitute? An empirical study of substitute teacher labor supply. Economics of EducationReview, 31, 410-430.
doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2011.12.006

Herrmann, M. A., &Rockoff, J. E. (2012). Work erabsence and productivity: Evidence from teaching. Journal of Labor Economics, 30(4), 749-782.

Ivatts, A. R. (2013). Literature Reviewon: Teacher Absenteeism. Roma Education Fund, 1:21.

Jacobs, K., &Kritsonis, A. (2007). An analysis of teacher and student absenteeism in Urban Schools: What the research says and recommendations for educational leaders. Retrieved from
http://www.files.eric.ed.gov/

Joseph, N., Waymack, N., & Zielaski, D. (2014). RollCall: The importance of teacher attendance. National Centeron Teacher Quality (NCTQ). Retrieved from
https://www.nctq.org/dmsView/RollCall_Teacher Attendance.

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2012). Laporan Awal Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.(2013a). Panduan Pelaksanaan Melindungi Masa Instruksional (MMI). Sektor Operasi Pendidikan : Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2013b). Melindungi Masa Instruksional, Kembali Kepada Yang Asas: Pemimpin Instruksional, Guru Mengajar dan Murid Belajar. Amalan Terbaik Pengurusan. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

KomaruddinAbudllah. (2013). Amalan Terbaik Melindungi Masa Instruksional. Melindungi Masa Instruksional (MMI) Kembali Kepada Yang Asas: Pemimpin Instruksional, Guru Mengajar, dan Murid Belajar.

Lee, M., Goodman, C., Dandapani, N., &Kekahio, W. (2015). Review of international research on factor sunder lying teacher absenteeism. Retrievedfrom ERIC database. (REL 2015-087)

Lupo, T. (2013), “A fuzzy SERVQUAL based method forreliable measurements of education quality in Italian higher education area”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 40 No. 17,pp. 7096-7110

National Council Teacher Quality. (2014). Teacher quality report. Retrieved
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/06/03/teacher attendance

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107-110, § 115, Stat. 1425 (2002).

Norton, M. S. (1998). Teacher absenteeism: a growing dilemma in education. Contemporary Education, 69(2), 95-99.

OECD (2018), Publics pending one ducation (indicator). doi: 10.1787/f99b45d0-en Diperoleh pada 21 Januari 2018.

Philip Suprastowo. (2013). Teacher Absenteeism Study on Primary Scholl and Its Impact on Student.

RadhiahMuhammad & Rohani Roslan. (2013). Program Relief Berkesan Melindungi Masa Instruksional dan Meningkatkan Masa Pembelajaran Berkesan di dalam Bilik Darjah. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Radziah Abdul Manap &Nasri Ramli.(2013). Protecting Instructional Time : Mengatasi Masalah Guru Meninggalkan Kelas Kerana Tugasan Luar. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Roby, D. (2010). Teacher attendance effects on studenta chievement: Research study of Ohio Schools. Education, 134(2), 201-206.

Rosnanaini Sulaiman (2013). Guru Bercuti dan Tidak Hadir ke Sekolah, Cara Menangani dan Penyelesaiannya. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.

Shaw, J., &Newton, J. (2014). Teache rretention and satisfaction with a servant leader as principal. Education, 135(1), 101-106.

Stefan Brunnhuber. (2017). Education Isn’t Education: The Creativity Response or How to Improve the Learning Curve in Our Society. Cadmus Journal : Vol.3 Issue 2. Diakonie Hospital, Germany.

Sezgin, F., Kosar, S., Kilinq, A. C, &Ogdem, Z. (2014). Teacher absenteeism in Turkish Primary Schools: A qualitative perspective from school principals. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 6(3). 612-625. Retrieved from
http://google.com.

Surat Pekeliling Perkhidmatan Bil. 5/2017. Kemudahan cuti bersalin pegawai perkhidmatan awam. Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam. Diperoleh pada 12 Januari 2018 dari
http://docs.jpa.gov.my/docs/pp/2017/pp052017.pdf

Tao, S. (2015). Why are teacher sabsent? Utilising the capability approach and critical realism to explain teacher performance in Tanzania. International Journal of Educational Development. 33(1), p. 2-14. Retrieved from
http://eric.ed.gov//id=Ej976883.

Tingle, L.R., Schoeneberger, J., Wang, C, Algozzine, B., &Kerr, E. (2012). An analysis of teacher absences and student achievement. Education. 133(2), 367-382.

Toppo, G. (2013). Teacher absenteeismputs students at a loss. Retrieved from
http://www.usatoday.com/story)/news/nation/2013/02/12/teacher-absenteeismputs-studentsat-a-loss/1914515/

Sutherland, A. (2014). Too many teacher absencs. Not enough substitutes. Retrieved from
http://www.sutherlandforschool.org/

Yvonne C. & Joseph-Bobb. (2016). Flipthe Script: A Comparison of Two New York City Elementary Schools in Terms of Teachers' Absenteeism and Students' Academic Performance in Reading and Mathematics. ProQuest LLC. Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, Arizona.
Published
2018-12-26
How to Cite
Ismail, R., Abdul Rahman, S. A., & Awang, M. (2018). Kos Ketidakberadaan Guru Dalam Bilik Darjah: Kajian Kes di Daerah Muallim, Perak. Management Research Journal, 7, 75 - 85. https://doi.org/10.37134/mrj.vol7.7.2018