Pendekatan Keselamatan dan Kesejahteraan Pelajar untuk Sekolah-Sekolah di Malaysia

Student’s Safety and Wellbeing Approach for Malaysian Schools

  • Marinah Awang Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
  • Norhazwani Suyanto Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Keywords: accidents and injuries, safe school model, student’s wellbeing, school, Malaysia

Abstract

Keselamatan adalah satu keadaan yang selamat dan bebas daripada bahaya termasuk kecederaan dan risiko. Keadaan sekolah yang selamat dapat melahirkan budaya sekolah yang responsif serta dapat mengoptimumkan pembelajaran sosial, perkembangan emosi dan intelek pelajar. Walaupun premis sekolah ini dianggap sebagai premis yang mempunyai risiko rendah namun ia tidak bermakna sekolah adalah bebas daripada kemalangan dan kecederaan. Suasana persekitaran sekolah yang selamat dapat membentuk emosi yang positif kepada pelajar dan seterusnya meningkatkan kesejahteraan diri pelajar dalam jangka yang panjang. Terdapat pelbagai pendekatan yang digunakan oleh para sarjana untuk memahami mengenai keadaan keselamatan dan kesejahteraan seperti teori kebajikan sosiologikal dan model kesejahteraan pelajar, model USDOE, program bersepadu sekolah selamat dan model sekolah selamat. Tujuan kertas konsep ini ialah untuk meneroka model-model tersebut dan mencadangkan satu pendekatan yang lebih holistik bersesuaian dengan konteks persekitaran sekolah-sekolah di Malaysia.

Safety is a condition whereby it is a danger-free and safe from accidents and risks. A safe school environment can instill a responsive schools’ culture as well as developing and optimizing social learning, emotional growth and cognitive development. Although a school is known as a low-risk premise,schools are not free from risks and danger. A safe school concept can nurture a positive attitude and subsequently improve student’s self growth in a long term period. There have been various approaches that had been utilized by researchers to understand the issue on safety and wellbeing in schools, such as the sociological wellbeing theory and Student’s Wellbeing model, USDOE model, Integrated Safe School program and Safe School model. The main intention of this paper was to explore these models and suggest a more holistic approach in the context of Malaysian schools.

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Published
2017-10-22
How to Cite
Awang, M., & Suyanto, N. (2017). Pendekatan Keselamatan dan Kesejahteraan Pelajar untuk Sekolah-Sekolah di Malaysia. Management Research Journal, 6, 139 - 153. https://doi.org/10.37134/mrj.vol6.12.2017