A study on the effectiveness of direct current video (e-DC) improving learning outcomes of students and motivation towards learning Physics


  • Nurazlin Ahmad Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
  • Fatin Amirah Ahmad Shukri Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
  • Azuraida Amat Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
  • Nur Azalia Ahmad Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang
  • Syarifah Norsuhaila Syed Mahmud Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang




online learning, interactive video lecture, direct current, Physics, achievement, motivation


COVID-19 is seen as a transformational agent for the widespread implementation of online learning at the school and higher education levels. A conducive learning environment, with the help of digital technologies, is essential to be incorporated into our learning process to enhance student’s understanding of each course taken. The topic of Direct Current, in electricity, for foundation and matriculation level, is quite dense with formulas of electric current, resistance, and resistivity including the analysis of a simple Direct Current circuit. Therefore, we proposed the video of interactive notes (e-DC) which aims to improve students' understanding of the topic of Direct Current (DC). The notes created contains terminologies, formula, and a brief description of electric parameters such as electric current, resistivity, and conductivity. The current study was carried out among 183 pre-university students to highlight the effectiveness of the e-DC. To achieve the objective of the study, two pre-university centres namely the Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, UPNM, and Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang (KMPh) were selected through convenient sampling. The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference in the achievement between the students’ scores using e-DC. The pretest-posttest comparison was used to test the effectiveness of the e-DC. The result indicated more improvement between their pre-test and post-test data causing the null hypothesis to be rejected. The findings of the study also found that most students (96%) stated their agreement that the learning process becoming more engaging and fun with the use of e-DC and students are motivated in learning Physics.


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Author Biographies

Fatin Amirah Ahmad Shukri, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia

Fatin Amirah Ahmad Shukri received her B.Sc. (hons.) in Mathematics and M.Sc. degree in Finance from International Islamic University of Malaysia (UIAM), in 2005 and 2008 respectively. She is currently a lecturer for foundation students in the Centre for Defence Foundation Studies at National Defence University of Malaysia (UPNM). In the meantime, she is currently a postgraduate student from the National University of Malaysia (UKM). She is active in doing research in various area of applied Mathematics. Her main research interest includes quantitative analysis, questionnaire survey analysis, teaching evaluations, fuzzy systems and modelling uncertainty in human reasoning, emphasising on risk assessment.

Azuraida Amat, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia

Azuraida Amat received her bachelor's degree in Physics (2005) and master’s degree in applied science (2007) both from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Now, she is a senior lecturer at the Physics Department in Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia. She received her Ph.D. in Material Sciences in 2018 from Universiti Putra Malaysia. Azuraida teaches physics courses for the foundation program with fifteen years of experience for medical, science and engineering students. She also supervises research activities in the field of glass material and thin film for sensor application.

Nur Azalia Ahmad, Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang

Nur Azalia Ahmad received bachelor's degree in Physics Education (2005) from Universiti Putra Malaysia. Experiences more than seventeen years in physics matriculation level. Now, as senior lecturer at the Unit Physics, Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang.

Syarifah Norsuhaila Syed Mahmud, Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang

Syarifah Norsuhaila Syed Mahmud received bachelor's degree in Industrial Physics (1998), master’s degree in Science Computer (2000) from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. She received her Ph.D. in Physics (Advance Material).  Her studies is on developing Microwave antenna using palm oil waste (2021) from Universiti Malaysia Pahang. Experiences more than twenty years in physics matriculation level. Now, as senior lecturer at the Unit Physics, Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang.


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How to Cite

Ahmad, N., Ahmad Shukri, F. A., Amat, A., Ahmad, N. A., & Syed Mahmud, S. N. (2023). A study on the effectiveness of direct current video (e-DC) improving learning outcomes of students and motivation towards learning Physics. Journal of ICT in Education, 10(1), 92–104. https://doi.org/10.37134/jictie.vol10.1.8.2023