Pengetahuan, kesedaran dan sikap ibu bapa berkenaan jenayah pedofilia terhadap kanak-kanak

Parents’ knowledge, awareness and attitudes regarding the crime of pedophilia among children

  • Eka Najihah Ramly Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Azizah Zain Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Zarina Eshak Sekolah Kebangsaan Sri Suria, Tanah Merah, Kelantan, Malaysia
Keywords: pedofilia, pengetahuan, kesedaran, sikap, gangguan seksual kanak-kanak, ibu bapa, pedophilia, knowledge, awareness, attitude, children sexual abuse, parents

Abstract

Pedofilia merupakan satu jenayah yang membimbangkan apabila melibatkan golongan kanak-kanak. Peningkatan jenayah ini telah menganggu  kesejahteraan dan kehidupan kanak-kanak. Pelbagai usaha perlu dijalankan oleh semua pihak untuk membenteras jenayah ini daripada terus berlaku. Berdasarkan jenayah tersebut, satu  kajian dijalankan adalah untuk mengenal pasti tahap pengetahuan, kesedaran dan sikap ibu bapa mengenai jenayah pedofilia. Reka bentuk kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan kaedah tinjauan. Sampel kajian terdiri daripada 100 orang penduduk di kawasan Batu Kurau, Perak. Data kajian ini dianalisis secara deskriptif berdasarkan kekerapan, peratusan, min dan sisihan piawaian. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan ibu bapa mengetahui bahawa kanak-kanak terdedah kepada unsur seksual melalui media sosial, internet dan sebagainya dengan min 4.52. Tahap kesedaran ibu bapa terhadap pedofilia yang merupakan jenayah yang berat dan tidak boleh diabaikan oleh masyarakat mempunyai min yang tinggi iaitu 4.81. Dapatan untuk sikap ibu bapa ialah mereka perlu meningkatkan pemahaman dan mengajar anak-anak tentang tubuh badan terutama bahagian sensitif dengan min 4.63. Implikasi kajian ini sangat berguna kepada ibu bapa dalam menangani masalah ini dengan memberi pendidikan terbaik kepada anak-anak. Kajian ini juga memberi kefahaman, kesedaran dan sikap yang lebih mendalam kepada ibu bapa untuk memastikan anak-anak tidak menjadi mangsa jenayah pedofilia.

Pedophilia is a worrying crime when it involves children. The increase in crime has disrupted the well-being and lives of children. Various efforts need to be made by all parties to curb this crime from happening again. Based on the crime, a study was conducted to identify the level of knowledge, awareness and attitudes of parents about pedophilia crime. The design of this study uses a quantitative approach with survey methods. The study sample consists of 100 people in Batu Kurau, Perak. The data of this study were analyzed descriptively based on frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Findings of the study show that parents know that children are exposed to sexual elements through social media, internet and so on with a mean of 4.52. The level of parental awareness of pedophilia which is a serious crime and should not be ignored by society has a high mean of 4.81. The finding for parents' attitudes is that they need to increase their understanding and teach children about the body, especially the sensitive parts with a mean of 4.63. The implications of this study are very useful to parents in dealing with this problem by providing the best education to children. This study also gives parents a deeper understanding, awareness and attitude to ensure that children do not fall victim to pedophilia.

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Published
2020-12-11
How to Cite
Ramly, E. N., Zain, A., & Eshak, Z. (2020). Pengetahuan, kesedaran dan sikap ibu bapa berkenaan jenayah pedofilia terhadap kanak-kanak. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 9, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpak.vol9.sp.1.2020