Kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid sekolah rendah

Scientific reasoning skills for primary school student

  • Suhaimi Zainol SK Rapat Setia, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
  • Noor Shah Saad Fakulti Pembangunan Malaysia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Uzi Dollah Fakulti Pembangunan Malaysia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Qismullah Yusof Fakulti Pembangunan Malaysia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
Keywords: Kemahiran penaakulan saintifik, Ujian Penaakulan Bilik Darjah Lawson

Abstract

Tujuan penyelidikan tinjauan ini adalah untuk menentukan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik (KPS) murid-murid tahap dua sekolah rendah serta mengkaji corak kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid melalui Ujian Penaakulan Saintifik Bilik Darjah (UPSBD). Secara spesifiknya, objektif kajian adalah menentukan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid tahap dua, membandingkan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid tahun lima dengan murid tahun enam, membandingkan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid lelaki dengan murid perempuan, membandingkan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik dalam kalangan murid tahap dua antara sekolah, dan menentukan corak kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid tahap dua. Seramai 267 murid tahap dua yang terdiri daripada murid tahun lima dan tahun enam daripada lima buah sekolah dipilih sebagai sampel kajian. Instrumen yang digunakan ialah Ujian Penaakulan Saintifik Bilik Darjah yang telah diterjemahkan daripada versi asal Lawson (2000). Statistik deskriptif seperti frekuensi, peratus, min dan statistik inferensi seperti ujian-t dan ANOVA digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Hasil kajian menunjukkan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik dalam kalangan murid masih berada pada tahap yang pertama dalam kemahiran penaakulan saintifik iaitu tahap operasi konkrit dengan min keseluruhannya adalah 1.0037. Tidak ada perbezaan yang signifikan antara murid tahun lima dengan murid tahun enam (t(265)=-0.996, p˃0.05). Begitu juga keputusannya bila perbandingan dibuat antara murid lelaki dengan murid perempuan (t(265)=1.116, p˃0.05). Perbandingan tahap kemahiran penaakulan saintifik antara sekolah juga tidak menunjukkan perbezaan yang signifikan (F(4,262) =1.010, p˃0.05). Corak kemahiran penaakulan saintifik tertumpu pada item satu iaitu aspek pengabdian berat dengan 23.6%. Manakala aspek pemikiran perkadaran lanjutan langsung tidak dapat dijawab dengan betul oleh responden kajian.

Abstract 

The purpose of this survey research is to determine the level of scientific reasoning skills among level two pupils of selected primary schools and to study the pattern of students’ scientific reasoning skills through Lawson’s Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning. Specifically, the research objectives are to determine the level of scientific reasoning skills of level two students, to make comparison between year five and year six pupils towards the scientific reasoning skills, to make comparison of the scientific reasoning skills between boys and girls, to make comparison of the scientific reasoning skills among level two pupils from a few schools, and to determine the patterns of scientific reasoning skills of the level two pupils. A total of 267 consisting of level two pupils of years five and six from five schools are selected for this study. The instrument used is the Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning which has been translated from the original version of Lawson (2000). Descriptive statistics namely frequency, percentage, mean and inferential statistics such as t-test and ANOVA were used to analyze data. The result showed that the level of scientific reasoning skills among these pupils are still at the lowest level of the scientific reasoning skills, concrete operations with the overall mean 1.0037. There is no significant difference between years five and six pupils (t (265) = - 0.996, p˃0.05). Similar result which also shown no significant difference is obtained between the boys and girls (t(265) =1.116, p˃0.05). It is also found that the same result is collected which showed no significant difference from among schools involved (F(4,262) =1.010, p˃0.05). The pattern of the scientific reasoning skills is solely found on item one, where the conservation of weight is 23.6%. While the proportional reasoning could not be answered correctly by the respondents.

Keywords: Scientific reasoning skill, Lawson Classroom Test for Formal Reasoning.

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Published
2017-04-27
How to Cite
Zainol, S., Saad, N. S., Dollah, M. U., & Yusof, Q. (2017). Kemahiran penaakulan saintifik murid sekolah rendah. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Dan Matematik Malaysia, 7(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.37134/jpsmm.vol7.no1.1.2017