Screening of Plant Species Suitable for Insect Repellent and Attractant

  • Saberi Othman
  • Kartini Ahmad
  • Ramli Ibrahim
  • Mohd Azlan Nafiah Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
Keywords: Screening, insect repellent, insect attractant, alkaloid, flavonoid, terpene.

Abstract

Five plants species; Cymbopogon nardus (serai wangi), Cymbopogon citratus (serai makan), Citrus hystrix (limau purut), Citrus limon (limau nipis) and Polygonum sp. (daun kesum) have been selected based on their aromatic properties. Air-dried samples were extracted using three different organic solvents; (hexane, chloroform, and ethanol). Extracts then were dried using the rotary evaporator. Aromatic samples were hydrodistilled for their essential oil and analyzed for the determination of chemical profile such as alkaloids, terpene and flavonoid using the gas chromatography (GC). The essential oil was tested on their repellent or attractant properties using guinea pigs and mosquitoes. Most extracts showed repellent properties.

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Author Biographies

Saberi Othman

Department of Biology, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Kartini Ahmad

Department of Chemistry, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Ramli Ibrahim

Department of Chemistry, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Mohd Azlan Nafiah, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

Department of Chemistry, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia

Published
2009-12-09
How to Cite
Othman, S., Ahmad, K., Ibrahim, R., & Nafiah, M. A. (2009). Screening of Plant Species Suitable for Insect Repellent and Attractant. Journal of Science and Mathematics Letters, 1(2), 95-104. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JSML/article/view/402

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