Persepsi ibu bapa terhadap kualiti taman asuhan kanak-kanak (taska) di Malaysia

Parental perception towards the quality of taska in Malaysia

  • Maszlyana Edayu Mat Seri Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Nordin Mamat Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Romarzila Omar Jabatan Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak, Fakulti Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Noralina Kamaruddin Taska Comel Sayang, Taman Melati, 43000, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Keywords: kualiti, taman asuhan kanak-kanak, pengasuhan dan pendidikan, kanak-kanak, ibu bapa, quality, taska, children, parent, education and care

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan mengetahui persepsi ibu bapa terhadap kualiti Taman Asuhan Kanak-kanak (TASKA) di Malaysia. Pengkaji memilih teori hierarki keperluan Maslow dan teori ekologi Bronfenbrenner bagi kajian ini yang berkait rapat dengan keperluan serta faktor persekitaran kanak-kanak. Reka bentuk kajian yang digunakan oleh pengkaji ialah kajian tinjauan melalui pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi bagi kajian ini adalah 48 orang daripada kalangan ibu bapa di Taman Melati, Kajang, Selangor yang mempunyai anak di TASKA. Pengkaji menggunakan satu instrumen sahaja bagi kajian ini iaitu soal selidik. Pengkaji telah membahagikan bahagian B kepada lima aspek kecil iaitu yuran di TASKA, pengasuhan dan pendidikan di TASKA, polisi dan peraturan TASKA, keselamatan, kebersihan dan kesihatan dan aspek terakhir makanan dan penyediaan makanan. Dapatan kajian bagi Yuran di TASKA menunjukkan bilangan majoriti responden yang sangat bersetuju dan bersetuju adalah seramai 26 orang (54.2%). Manakala bagi pengasuhan dan Pendidikan di TASKA, bilangan responden yang bersetuju semakin berkurangan. Dapatan kajian bagi polisi dan peraturan TASKA menunjukkan bilangan tertinggi bagi responden yang bersetuju adalah seramai 23 orang (47.9%), manakala Keselamatan, Kebersihan dan Kesihatan adalah seramai 28 orang responden (58.3%) sangat bersetuju. Majoriti responden memilih untuk bersetuju dengan makanan dan penyediaan makanan iaitu jumlah yang tertinggi adalah seramai 27 orang (56.3%). Kesimpulannya, majoriti responden iaitu ibu bapa di Taman Melati, Kajang, Selangor yang mempunyai anak di TASKA berpendapat  TASKA di Malaysia adalah berkualiti.

The study is aimed to know the parental perception towards the quality of TASKA in Malaysia. By adopting the Hierarchy of Needs by Maslow and ecological system theory by Bronfenbrenner, this study is related with the needs and environmental factors of children development. By using a quantitative methodology, a survey was conducted among parents in the area of Taman Melati, Kajang Selangor. 48 participants among parents who send their children to the TASKA were participated to answer the survey form in to explore their perception towards the issue. There five aspects is considered; care and education, rules and regulation, safety, hygiene and health and food preparation. The finding showed that for care and education, and rules and regulation perceived 54.2% strongly agreed and agreed, where for safety (47.9%), hygiene and health (58.3%) were strongly agreed and agreed, respectively. The highest aspect was food preparation with 56.3%. To conclude, most of the parents agreed that the quality of the TASKA is good.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Razak Raaff. (2018, Januari 13). Ramai pengasuh budak tak daftar JKM. Berita Harian. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2018/01/374957/ramai-pengasuh-budak-tak-daftar-jkm

Ackerman, D. (2006). The costs of being a child care teacher: Revisiting the problem of low wages. Educational Policy, 20(1), 85-112.

Berita Harian. (2020, Julai 24). Pengasuh didakwa sebabkan kematian bayi. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/kes/2020/07/714337/pengasuh-didakwa-sebabkan-kematian-bayi

Bradley, D. H. (2001). Low child care wages and high turnover shortchange Pennsylvania children: Findings from child care providers in Allegheny County, Southeast Pennsylvania, and York County. Briefing Paper, Keystone Research Centre.

Child Care Aware of American. (2013). We can do better. https://www.childcareaware.org/wpcontent/uploads/2015/10/wecandobetter
_2013_final_april_11_0.pdf

De Schipper, E. J., Riksen-Walraven, M. J., & Geurts, S. A. (2006). Effects of child-caregiver ratio on the interactions between caregivers and children in child-care centers: An experimental study. Child Development, 77, 861-874.

Eka Najihah Ramly, Azizah Zain, & Zarina Eshak. (2020) Pengetahuan, kesedaran dan sikap ibu bapa berkenaan jenayah pedofilia terhadap kanak-kanak. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak kanak Kebangsaan (Special Issue), 9, 1-8. https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/journal/JPAKK1

Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. (2013).America’s children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being. US Government Printing Office. http://www.childstats.gov/pdf/ac2013/ac_13.pdf

Gahwaji, N. M. (2019). Quality of Saudi nurseries: Application of the Translated Infants and Toddlers Evaluation Rating Scale-Third Edition (ITERS-3). London Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science, 19(7).

Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia. (2012). Garis Panduan Pemeriksa Pemantauan TASKA, Edisi Pertama. Cawangan Penyakit Tidak Berjangkit (NCD)

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement.

Mariam Nizar. (2019, Mac 16). Yuran taska: Mahal, murah tergantung tauliah pengasuh-pengusaha. Malaysiakini. https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/468172

Mashitah Abdul Mutalib, Nik Salida Suhaila Nik Saleh, & Arasy Masut @ Masod. (2018). Quality enhancement of child care centres in Malaysia: An analysis on laws and regulations. Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 9(1).

Nor Afazan Mohamad Yusof. (2018, Disember 26). Yuran taska dijangka naik. MyMetro. https://www.hmetro.com.my/mutakhir/2018/12/406266/yuran-taska-dijangka-naik

Norulhuda Sarnon, Maisarah Ali, & Ezarina Zakaria. (2017). Amalan persekitaran selamat kanak-kanak dalam kalangan pengasuh di rumah yang tidak berdaftar (Safety Environment Practices among Unlicensed Home Based Child Daycare).

Norzamira Che Noh. (2020, Februari 24). 271 taska, tadika di Shah Alam beroperasi secara haram. Berita Harian. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/politik/2020/02/658596/271-taska-tadika-di-shah-alam-beroperasi-secara-haram

Pace, R. W., & Faules, D. F. (1994). Organizational communication. Prentice Hall.

Pemakanan Kanak-kanak. (2018, Mei 30). https://www.academia.edu/36882088/Pemakanan_Kanak-kanak-_Plan_Pemakanan_Kanak-kanak

Rohaniza Idris. (2016, Ogos 2). 152 TASKA, Pusat jagaan kanak-kanak dikenakan tindakan. Berita Harian. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2016/08/179270/152-taska-pusat-jagaan-kanak-kanak-dikenakan-tindakan

Safeek Affendy Razali. (2018). Panik akibat tersedak susu, pengasuh sumbat bayi dalam peti ais. Berita Harian. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/kes/2018/07/445051/panik-akibat-tersedak-susu-pengasuh-sumbat-bayi-dalam-peti-ais

Safiek Mokhlis, & Fadhiha Mokhtar. (2019). Hubungan antara kualiti perkhidmatan, kepuasan dan kesetiaan pelanggan dalam industri TASKA. Jurnal Inovasi Perniagaan, 4(1), 13-22.

Santrock, J. W. (2009). Life-span development. Edisi ke-12. Mcgraw Hill.

Shaughnessy, Michael, & Kleyn, K. (2012). The importance of early childhood education.

Sinar Harian. (2014, November 19). Yuran murah punca taska tidak berdaftar dipilih. https://www.sinarharian.com.my/mobile/politik/yuran-murah-punca-taska-tidak-berdaftar-dipilih-1.334868

Sinar Harian. (2019, September 2). Guru wanita di Saudi dibenar didik pelajar lelaki. https://www.sinarharian.com.my/article/46099/GLOBAL/Guru-wanita-di-Saudi-dibenar-didik-pelajar-lelaki

Siti Azila Alias. (2019, November 19). Bayi lebam di muka disyaki didera pengasuh. Berita Harian. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/kes/2019/11/629877/bayi-lebam-di-muka-disyaki-didera-pengasuh

Stormshak, E. A., & Dishion, T. J. (2002). An ecological approach to child and family clinical and counseling psychology. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 5(3), 197-215. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1019647131949

United Nations. (2016). Sustainable Development GOALS-17 Goals to transform our world. https://doi.org/United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (akses pada 20 Ogos 2020)

World Bank. (2017). Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2017: From World Development Indicators. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/26306 (akses pada 20 Ogos 2020)

Zaida Mustafa, Muhamad Naim Kamari, Putri Zabariah Megat A Rahman, Johari Talib, Azrul Fazwan Khairuddin, Ku Faridah Ku Ibrahim, Nuzha Muhammad Taha, & Siti Farhana Md Yasin. (2017). Kajian perkhidmatan Taman Asuhan Kanak-Kanak (TASKA) di Malaysia.
Published
2020-12-15
How to Cite
Mat Seri, M. E., Mamat, N., Omar, R., & Kamaruddin, N. (2020). Persepsi ibu bapa terhadap kualiti taman asuhan kanak-kanak (taska) di Malaysia. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak Kebangsaan, 9, 91-105. Retrieved from https://ejournal.upsi.edu.my/index.php/JPAK/article/view/4541