A Morphological Analysis of Complex Nouns in the Malaysian University English Test (MUET) Reading Comprehension Texts

  • Leong Mi -Chelle Department of Languages KDU Penang University College
Keywords: Reading comprehension, morphemic analysis, word parts

Abstract

The knowledge of vocabulary is one important aspect in reading comprehension. Therefore, various techniques have been introduced by scholars for vocabulary development. One of the techniques extensively recommended by scholars is morphological analysis. The knowledge of morphology of English words proves to go a long way in comprehension as English words are made up of morphemes that contribute meanings to the words as whole. The reading comprehension texts of the Malaysian University English Test (MUET) contain an enormous amount of nouns as these are content words. A brief examination of these content words reveals that most of them are complex nouns. It is deemed important to understand these complex nouns as the texts are made sense through the understanding of these complex nouns. Therefore, this study is carried out to examine the morphology of the complex nouns to obtain some knowledge on the nature of the complex nouns and the word parts of the complex nouns. The findings of this study reveal that suffix is the most common type of word part. The way the complex nouns are formed can generally be classified into eight groups according to the number of affixes in a complex noun. However, the results generated from this study indicate that most of the complex nouns are formed with one suffix through the process of affixation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allan, K. K., & Miller, M. S. (2000). Literacy and learning. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Anderson, R. C., & Freebody, P. (1981). Vocabulary knowledge. In J. T. Guthrie, (Ed.), Comprehension and teaching: Research reviews. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Anglin, J. M. (1993). Vocabulary Development: A morphological analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Beck, I. L., McKeown, M. G. & Kucan, L. (2008). Creating robust vocabulary: Frequently asked questions and extended examples. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Biber, D., Conrad, S. & Leech, G. (2002). Student grammar of spoken and written English. England: Pearson Education.

Bruder, M. N. & Henderson, R. T. (1986). Beginning reading in English as a Second Language. Washington: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Chall, J. S. (1987). Two vocabularies for reading: Recognition and meaning. In M. G. McKeown,. & M. E. Curtis, (Eds.). The nature of vocabulary acquisition (pp. 7-17). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cheek, M. (1974). Objective-based Teaching of Word Analysis Skills to Students in Middle and Secondary Schools. In L. E. Hafner, (Ed.) Improving Reading in Middle and Secondary Schools. New York: Macmillan Publishing.

Ekwall, E. E. and Shanker, J. L. (1993). Locating and correcting reading difficulties. New York: Macmillan Publishing.

Flemming, L. E. (1978). Reading for results. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Gordon, H. H. (1985). Word forms: Context, strategies and practice Book II. California: Wadsworth Publishing.

Grellet, F. (1981). Developing reading skills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Keller, H. H. (1978). New perspectives on teaching vocabulary. Virginia: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Lin, L. K. (1999). Word recognition strategies of Malay ESL readers. In A. Pandian, (Ed.). Global literacy: Vision, revisions and vistas in education. Serdang: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Miller, W. H. (1973). Diagnosis and correction of reading difficulties in secondarys Schoolstudents. New York: The Center for Applied Research in Education.

Miller, W. H. (1974). Teaching reading in the secondary school. Illinois: Charles C Thomas.

Nagy, W. E. & Anderson, R. C. (1984). How many words are there in printed school English? Reading Research Quarterly, 19(3), 304-330.

Nation, I. S. P. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. Massachusetts: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.

Nation, I. S. P. (2001). Learning vocabulary in another language. United Kingdom: Cambridge.

Ng, K. S. et al. (1999). Preparation for the Malaysian University English Test. Selangor: Federal Publications.

Ng, K. S. et al. (2000). Study skills for the Malaysian University English Test. Selangor: Federal Publications.

O’Grady, W. & de Guzman, V. P. (1996). Morphology: the analysis of word structure. In W. O’Grady, M. Dobrovolsky, & F.Katamba, (Eds.). Contemporary linguistics: An introduction (3rd ed). London: Longman.

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (7th ed.). (2005). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Paiman, N., Yap, N. T. & Chan, M. Y. (2015). Effectiveness of morphemic analysis of Graeco- Latin word parts as a vocabulary learning strategy among ESL learners. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 21(2), 31-45.

Pandian, A. & Lee, K. S. (1999). University guide to MUET. Seri Kembangan: Write Right Books.

Piercey, D. (1982). Reading activities in content areas. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.

Rubin, D. (2003). Gaining word power (6th ed.). New York: Pearson Education.

Shortis, T. (2001). Inner text: The language of ICT. London: Routledge.

Smith, C. B. (1997). Vocabulary instruction and reading comprehension. Available: http://www.ericdigests.org/1998-1/vocabulary.htm

Sökmen, A. J. (1997). Current trends in teaching second language vocabulary. In N. Schmitt, & M. McCarthy, (Eds.) Vocabulary: Description, acquisition and pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stump, G. T. (1998). Inflection. In A. Spencer & A. M. Zwicky. (Eds.) The handbook of morphology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Suppiah, V. L. & Murugaiah, P. (2003). Creating active readers using the Active Framework. In A. Pandian., G. Chakravarthy, & S. Che Lah, (Eds.) English language teaching and literacy: Research and reflections. Serdang: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Tallerman, M. (1998). Understanding syntax. London: Arnold.

Taylor, L. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. United Kingdom: Prentice Hall.
Published
2017-11-27
How to Cite
-Chelle, L. M. (2017). A Morphological Analysis of Complex Nouns in the Malaysian University English Test (MUET) Reading Comprehension Texts. AJELP: Asian Journal of English Language and Pedagogy, 5, 20-33. https://doi.org/10.37134/ajelp.vol5.3.2017