Exploring the Types and Sources of Iranian EFL University Students’ Writing Errors
Making errors is considered to be an integral part of language learning process. Therefore, it is of paramount importance that different types and sources of students’ errors be identified. The present study aimed to examine the types and sources of errors in a corpus of essays written by 40 Iranian university students. They were given a title and asked to write an essay having at least 150 words. Based on Keshavarz’s (2013) model for error analysis, the errors made by the students were identified and tabulated according to their frequency. Moreover, the errors were classified into intralingual and interlingual ones. The results of the study indicated that the participants made 404 different errors among them, 71.88% were caused by interlingual interference, and 23.84% of them were caused by intralingual factors. The results of the study can be informative for EFL teachers to be aware of the frequency and different types of learners’ errors in EFL writing classes and the reasons underlying them.
Alhaysony, M. (2012). An analysis of article errors among Saudi female EFL students: A case study. Asian Social Science, 8(12), 55-66.
Amiri, F., & Puteh, M. (2017). Error analysis in academic writing: A case of international postgraduate students in Malaysia. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(4), 141-145.
Applebee, F. Langer, A. & Mayher, M. (1987). Writing-to-learn. Retrieved on February 1st, 2008 from http://www.ncacasi.org.
Bahrpeyma, M. & Ostad, O. (2018). Error analysis of composition writing: A case of Iranian EFL learners, International Journal of research studies in Language learning, 7 (1), 101-112.
Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of language learning and teaching. Longman.
Chen, H. C. (2000). Error analysis of some features of English article usage. Journal of Wu-Feng Applied Linguistics, 8, 282-296.
Corder, S. (1967). The significance of learners’ errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 5(4), 161-169.
Darus, S., & Subramaniam, K. (2009). Error analysis of the written English essays of secondary school students in Malaysia: A case study. European journal of social sciences, 8(3), 483-495.
Corder, S. P. (1967). The significance of learners’ errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 5(4), 161-169.
Dulay, H. & Burt, M. (1973). Should we teach children syntax? Language Learning, 23, 245-258.
Erdocia, K., & Laka, I. (2018). Negative transfer effects on L2 word order processing. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 337.
Fulwiler, T., & Hayakawa, A. (1994). The Blair handbook. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Ghadessy, M. (1980). Implications of error analysis for second/foreign language acquisition. IRAL-International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 18(1-4), 93-104.
Harris, G. J., & Cunningham, H. D. (1994). The Simon and Schuster guide to writing. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.
Hekmati, N., Ghahremani Ghajar, S., & Navidinia, H. (2018). Movie-generated EFL writing: Discovering the act of writing through visual literacy practices. International Journal of Language Studies, 12(2), 51-64.
Heydari, P., & Bagheri, M. S. (2012). Error analysis: Sources of L2 learners' errors. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 2(8) 1583-1589.
Hourani, T. (2008). An analysis of the common grammatical errors in the English writing made by third secondary male students in the eastern coast of the UAE. Unpublished Master Thesis, British University of Dubai, UAE.
Jobeen, A., Kazemian, B., & Shahbaz, M. (2015). The role of error analysis in teaching and learning of second and foreign language. Education and Linguistics Research, 1(2), 52-62.
Katiya, M., Mtonjeni, T., & Sefalane-Nkohla, P. (2015). Making sense of errors made by analytical chemistry students in their writing. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(3), 490-503.
Kaweera, Ch. (2013). Writing error: A review of interlingual and intralingual interference in EFL context. English Language Teaching, 6(7), 9-18.
Keshavarz, M. H. (2013). Contrastive analysis and error analysis. Tehran: Rahnama.
Kotsyuk, L. M. (2015). English language error analysis of the written texts produced by Ukrainian learners: Data collection. Cognitive Studies (15), 389-395.
Kukurs, R. (2012). 3 killer tips on how to write in English like a native speaker. Retrieved on January 5th, 2020 from http://www.englishharmony.com/write-like-a-nativee-speaker/.
Myles, J. (2002). Second language writing and research: The writing process and error analysis in student texts. Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, 6(2),1-19.
Navidinia, H., Mobaraki, M., & Malekzadeh, F. (2019). Investigating the effect of noticing on EFL students' speaking accuracy. International Journal of Instruction, 12 (2), 185-209.
Nazarloo, S., & Navidinia, H. (2016). Speaking errors of Persian and Azeri Turkish learners in EFL classrooms: A comparative investigation. International Journal of English Language and Translation Studies, 4 (4), 99-197.
Ridha, N.S. (2012). The effect of EFL learners' mother tongue on their writings in English: An error analysis study. Journal of the College of Arts, 60, 22-45.
Samhudi, S. (2016). An analysis on students' errors in distinguishing between collective noun and plural nNoun. Getsempena English Education Journal, 2(2), 217622.
Satariyan, A., & Mohseni, A. (2014). Writing skill and categorical error analysis: A study of first year undergraduate university students. Research in English Language Pedagogy, 2(1), 20-30.
Sawalmeh, M. H. M. (2013). Error analysis of written English essays: The case of students of the preparatory year program in Saudi Arabia. English for Specific Purposes World, 14(40), 1-17.
Sercombe, P. G. (2000). Learner language and the consideration of idiosyncrasies by students of English as a second or foreign language in the context of Brunei Darulsalam. In A. M. Noor et al. (Eds.) Strategising teaching and learning in the 21st century. Proceedings of the International Conference on Teaching and Learning. Faculty of Education: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.
Sermsook, K., Liamnimitr, J., & Pochakorn, R. (2017). An analysis of errors in written English sentences: A case study of Thai EFL students. English Language Teaching, 10(3), 101-110.
Solati, A. (2016). Persian nursery students' strategies in using English present simple tense. International Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies 3(2), 1681-1695.
Valette, R. M. (1991). Proficiency and the prevention of fossilization: An editorial. Modern language Journal, 75(3),325-328.
Watcharapunyawong, S., & Usaha, S. (2013). Thai EFL students’ writing errors in different text types: The interference of the first language. English Language Teaching, 6(1), 67-78.
Wu, H. P., & Garza, E. V. (2014). Types and attributes of English writing errors in the EFL context: A study of error analysis. Journal of Language Teaching & Research, 5(6), 1256-1262.
Yordchim, S., & Gibbs, T. J. (2014). Error analysis of English inflection among Thai university students. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 8(7), 2177-2180.
Copyright (c) 2021 Nooshin Shiva, Hossein Navidinia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.